Tang poetry and Song lyrics are classics in Chinese literature, witnessing the long history of the Chinese nation. From Tang poetry and Song lyrics, we can not only appreciate the image description, emotional expression and literary talent of the ancients, but also understand the poet's life trajectory and historical background through big data text analysis. The appreciation and exploration of classical culture such as Tang poetry and Song lyrics can also help spread traditional culture and build cultural confidence.

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Tang Poetry List

Author Poem title Text
Du Fu Going outside the Song Dynasty and asking about the old village Song Gong’s old pool hall is scattered in Shouyang. In vain, I only follow the way in, and I recite poems and make more mistakes. Yanliu asked the elder, "Don't look towards the mountains and rivers in silence." I know more about the general tree, and there are many sad winds and sunsets.
Du Fu Night Banquet at Zuoshizhuang The moon is falling in the wind and forest, and the dew on the clothes is pure. There are flower paths with dark water and spring stars leading to thatched cottage. Checking the book will burn the candle short, but reading the book will make the cup long. After hearing Wu Yong's poem, I will never forget the meaning of the boat.
Du Fu Send Captain Cai Xizeng back to Longyouyin to Secretary Gao Sanshi Cai Ziyong became addicted and bent his bow to shoot at Hu. A healthy child would rather die with his hair in his hair, but a strong man would be ashamed to be a Confucian. The official is the pioneer, and the challenge must be qualified. The body is light and a bird passes by, but the gun is urgent and thousands of people shout. The curtain of clouds followed the opening of the mansion, and the spring city went to Shangdu. The horse's head is made of gold and the brocade is blurred on the hunchback. Yunshan Road is just around the corner, returning to the corner of Qinghai. Your Majesty still favors Xi, and he will suddenly advance forward. The Han Dynasty sent the Yellow River far away, and the white wheat in Liangzhou dried up. Because you asked for news, fortunately Ruan Yuanyu.
Du Fu Recalling Li Bai in Spring Bai Ye's poems are incomparable, and his thoughts are unparalleled. Yu Kaifu is fresh and handsome, and Bao joins the army. There are spring trees in Weibei and dusk clouds in Jiangdong. When is the time for a wine, a serious and detailed essay.
Du Fu Gift Chen Erbu Que Many scholars in the world have disappeared, but the Master has only gained fame. After offering his acceptance to the Eastern View, the king asked the chief minister. Zaodiao is anxious when he is cold, but Tianma is always capable. Since arriving in Qingmingli, don't watch what happens in vain.
Du Fu Sent to the secretary of the 35th grade of high school It is a pity that I have grown old and grown old, and there are more new poems every day. If a beautiful person is not as good as a famous person, how good is the sentence. The Lord will recruit talented people, and Kongtong will be able to sing triumphantly. I heard that you were already in mourning, and I was relieved that you were in trouble.
Du Fu Send Pei Erqiu as Wei Yongjia Where is Guyu Pavilion? It is in the water at the end of the world. The old friend and official are like this. Who can agree with the desperate situation? Hidden officials meet with plum blossoms and travel to the mountains to remember Xie Gong. I have already set up my boat and am waiting for the autumn wind.
Du Fu Chengxipi Rafting The green moth's white teeth are on the boat, and the horizontal flute and short flute are sad in the distant sky. The spring breeze is confident that the teeth are moving, and slowly I can see the brocade cable being pulled. The fish blow the fine waves and shake their singing fans, and the swallows fly and the flowers fall to dance at the feast. There is no small boat that can hold an oar, and a hundred pots of wine are like springs.
Du Fu Gift to Judge Tian Jiu Kongtong’s envoys went to Qingxiao, and Helong sent royal funds to the imperial court. Wanma is always fat with spring alfalfa, and generals only count Han prostitutes. Who will compete between Chen Liu and Ruan Yu? Jingzhao Tianlang has already seen his move. Lai Juncai, his subordinate, was only able to become a fisherman and woodcutter.
Du Fu Donate to the people who live in the farmhouse The land is clearly divided and the talents are appointed. The family returned their food and received their seals, while the palace maid opened a letter and approached the royal banquet. The dawn leak chases the flying green Suo Ta, and the clear window checks the white clouds. Yang Xiong also has poems from Hedong, just waiting to be boasted and sent to heaven.
Du Fu Send Secretary Wei to Anxi The master is connected to the nobles, and the clouds and mud hang over each other. The old man has nothing to borrow, and Zhu Fu has pity. The secretary went to Sanjie and the bus stayed for two years. If you want to float on the rivers and seas, this farewell will be forgotten.
Du Fu Ten poems on a tour with Zheng Guangwen in the mountains and forests of General He 1 I didn’t know Nantang Road, but now I know the Fifth Bridge. The famous garden is surrounded by green water, and wild bamboos reach the blue sky. Taniguchi met his old friend, and Haoliang saw the same move. I have been living in seclusion all my life, and I have no regrets about how far away my horse's hoofs are.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, 10 poems 2 On a hundred hectares of windy pond, thousands of summer trees are clear. The branches are low and bear fruit, and the leaves are connected to the dark nests of warblers. Fresh crucian carp, silver-threaded clams, parsley and green soup. I'm at the bottom of the building, having dinner in the middle of the night.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, 10 poems 3 Wanli Rong Prince, what year do you have to go to the moon branch? Different flowers are blooming all over the place, and their vines are spreading across the clear pond. The Han disciples arrived in vain, but Shennong didn't know about it. The dew is blowing and the rain is blowing, and the sun is leaving.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, 10 poems 4 There are tall bamboos on the side of the house, and late flowers on the fence. There are no horses in the deep whirlpool, and snakes are hidden in the vines. It is useless to write poems and work, and the traces of mountains and forests are not credited. I sell all my books and come and ask my boss.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, Ten Poems 5 The remaining water in the Cangjiang River is broken, and the remaining mountains and rocks are opened. The green bamboo shoots fold in the wind, and the red plum blossoms bloom in the rain. The silver armor is used to play the zither, and the goldfish is exchanged for wine. There is no sprinkler when the mood moves, and you can sit on the berry moss at will.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, 10 poems 6 The wind blows the snow, and the waterfall roars at Cloud Gate. When I wake up from the wine, I think about lying in a mat, and my clothes are cold and I want to pretend to be cotton. Ye Lao comes to visit, but the river fish doesn't take money. I just suspect that there are mountains and rivers in a simple place.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, 10 poems 7 The thorn trees look like cold clouds, and the green leaves and spring lotus roots are fragrant. The crispy lettuce is delicious, and the yin-yin food is cool. Wild cranes come out in the early morning, and mountain spirits hide in the sun. The Panshui Mansion in the Stone Forest is only green for a hundred miles.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, 10 poems 8 After recalling Yangliuzhu, I walked across Kunchi Lake. I picked up the green lotus leaves when I was drunk, and picked them up in white when I was crazy. When stabbing the boat, I miss Ying's guests, and when I release the water, I beg Wu's children. Sitting facing Qinshan at night, the rivers and lakes are prosperous.
Du Fu Accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests, Ten Poems 9 The bed is connected to the house, and the trees in front of the steps are blowing in the clouds. A general is not good at martial arts, but a child can always be good at literature. After sobering up, the breeze blows in, and the night is quiet while listening to poetry. The clothes are hung with radish, and the cold moon is white.
Du Fu Ten poems accompanying Zheng Guangwen on a tour of General He’s mountains and forests 10 The quiet feeling is suddenly uncomfortable, and there is nothing to do about the return date. The water is flowing when I go out, and there are many white clouds when I look back. Dancing in front of the laughing lamp, who pities singing after being drunk? As long as you are good to your friends, the wind and rain will come and go.
Du Fu Five more important than He's poems 1 Ask Dongqiao Zhu, the general has a newspaper. It's my house to take my clothes off and return my life to the driver. The flowers are blooming and the orioles are carrying butterflies along with them, and the river is noisy and the otters are taking advantage of the fish. Returning to the land of rest and bathing, it is truly a place where savages live.
Du Fu More than He's Five Poems 2 Shanyu Zun is still there, and the sand-sinking couch has not moved. The dog welcomes the former guest, and the crow protects the nestling. The clouds are thin and the Cuiwei Temple is clear, and the sky is clear and Huang Zipi. It's always been a quiet and joyful time, walking across the east fence.
Du Fu More than He's Five Poems 3 On the sunset platform, when you are sipping tea in the spring breeze. The stone fence is tilted with pen, and the tung leaves are sitting on it to write poems. The emeralds sing, and dragonflies stand on fishing lines. From now on, we are quiet and familiar, and there is no time to come and go.
Du Fu Five more important than He's poems 4 It's strange that the ginseng is lazy, so it should be enjoyed in the wild. The rain throws off the golden mail, and the moss lies on the green and sinks the spear. The hand moves the willows by itself, and the family has enough rice. Seeing your secluded intention, you arrive at Xihuang in the daytime.
Du Fu More than He's five poems five You should stay here forever, and if you stay together, your years will be judged. I look at my face in the wasted twilight, looking sadly at the forest and spring. How can I get a small salary and return to the mountains to buy thin fields? Siyou was afraid that he would not succeed, so he was drunk and confused.
Du Fu Li Bai is pregnant in winter In the lonely study, I always think about myself alone. Look for the biography of Jiashu more, and don’t forget the Jiao Gong poem. The short brown wind and frost come in, and the sun and moon are late to return the elixir. If you don't take advantage of the excitement, you will have the Lumen period.
Du Fu Du Wei stays up late A Rong’s family stays up all year long, and the flowers are blooming on the pepper plate. The hairpins make a noise on the horses, and the torches scatter the crows in the forest. The Ming Dynasty passed by forty, and the dusk scene was soaring. Who can be more restrained, drunkenness is life.
Du Fu Having a banquet with Yuanda Shaofu in Huxian County It should be good for Sipi, money is enough for one meal. The rice is white and the water is cold. There is no plan to go back to the boat, and I am worried about drinking. The owner is very affectionate and holds a green and emerald pendant.
Du Fu Cui Prince Consort Shanting Banquet In Xiao Shi's secluded habitat, phoenix feathers are trotting in the forest. Where does the stream come in? The gate is high and closed with rocks. The drunken guests squandered gold bowls, and the poems became embroidered robes. There are many banquets in Qingqiu, and I am tired of having fragrant mash all day long.

List of Tang Poetry Authors

Name Introduction
Emperor Taizong The emperor's surname was Li, who was taboo to the people. He was the second son of Shen Yao, and he was smart and brave. Under the rule of Zhenguan, the common people will be prosperous and their merits and virtues will be prosperous. It has not existed since the Han Dynasty. As for Ruiqing Jingshu, when he first built Qin's residence, he opened a literature hall and recruited eighteen famous Confucian scholars as bachelors. After he ascended the throne, a Hongwen Pavilion was set up on the left side of the palace, where all the scholars were introduced, and the rest of the night was suspended. While listening to the court, they discussed classics and chanted poems. Or there is mugwort in the day and night, which is not a little lazy. The poems are written in cursive script and are excellent in ancient times. As for the astronomical hair, it is beautiful and bright, and has the elegance of the Tang Dynasty for three hundred years. The emperor really inspired it. After reigning for twenty-four years, his posthumous title was Wen. A collection of forty volumes. Bibliography of the pavilion, one volume of poems, sixty-nine poems. This is a volume of poems.
Emperor Gaozong Emperor Baozhi, the ninth son of Emperor Wen, was first named King of Jin. In the seventeenth year of Zhenguan, he was established as the crown prince. After reigning for thirty-four years, he was posthumously named Emperor. A collection of eighty-six volumes, now lost. Eight poems are preserved.
Emperor Zhongzong Emperor Baoxian, the seventh son of Emperor Gaozong, was granted the title of King of Zhou. In the second year of Yifeng's reign, he was granted the title of King of Ying and changed his name to Zhe. In the first year of Yonglong, he was established as the Crown Prince and ascended the throne. The Queen Mother came to the court and took the title of ruler. He deposed the emperor and became the King of Luling. In the first year of Shenlong, he was restored and reigned for six years. His posthumous title was Xiaohe. The emperor established a bachelor's degree in Xiuwen Hall in Jinglongzhong, and invited ministers who studied Ci to serve You Xi. When spring brings good fortune to the pear garden, and the water of the Wei River purifies it, a thin willow circle will be given to ward off evil. Summer feast in the vineyard, with red cherry blossoms. In autumn, I ascend the picture of kindness and kindness, and offer chrysanthemum wine to pray for longevity. In the new harvest of winter, I visited Bailu Temple and went up to Mount Li. I was given a bath in a hot spring and a fragrant powder orchid. From the line, I gave Xiang Linma, and one for each official in yellow clothes. The emperor felt something and wrote poems. All the scholars were harmonious. It is a collection of forty volumes and has been lost. Today there are seven poems and couplets.
Emperor Ruizhong Emperor Baodan, the eighth son of Gaozong, the mother-brother of Zhongzong, was granted the title of Prime Minister. In the fourth year of Jinglong, he became emperor. The emperor was humble, respectful and filial to his friends, eager to learn, good at cursive writing, and especially fond of writing and exegesis books. After reigning for three years, he was posthumously named Emperor Dashengzhen. A poem.
Emperor Ming Emperor Longji, the third son of Ruizong, was first named King of Chu and later King of Linzi County. In the first year of Jingyun, he was granted the title of King Ping and was established as the crown prince. He was brave and capable. On the occasion of the Kaiyuan Dynasty, he worked hard on political affairs, and the prosperity of the country was prosperous. He also sought great scholarship and preached art and literature. The wind of Zhenguan revived once again. Reigned for forty-seven years. His posthumous title is Ming. A volume of poetry. Emperor Taobao Longji, the third son of Ruizong, was first named King of Chu and later King of Linzi County. In the first year of Jingyun, he was granted the title of King Ping and was established as the crown prince. He was brave and capable. On the occasion of the Kaiyuan Dynasty, he worked hard on political affairs, and the prosperity of the country was prosperous. He also sought great scholarship and preached art and literature. The wind of Zhenguan revived once again. Reigned for forty-seven years. His posthumous title is Ming. A volume of poetry.
Emperor Suzong Emperor Baoheng, the third son of Emperor Ming, was first named Sisheng and was granted the title of King of Shaanxi. In the fifteenth year of Kaiyuan, his name was changed to Jun and he was granted the title of King Zhong. In the twenty-third year, the name was changed again. Next year, he will be crowned prince. In the twenty-eighth year, it was renamed Shao. After three years of Tianbao, he changed his name to Heng. Emperor Ming was lucky enough to be in Shu, which was located in Lingwu. Smart and strong in memorizing, the dictionary is beautiful. After reigning for seven years, his posthumous title was Xuan. Four poems.
Emperor Dezong Emperor Ba Shi, the eldest son of Daizong, was first granted the title of Prince of Fengjie County. In the first year of Qianyuan, he was granted the title of King of Lu. In August, he was granted the title of King Yong. In the second year of Guangde's reign, he was established as the crown prince. He is good at writing, especially in articles. Every time I talked poems with the scholars in the bathing hall, I couldn't sleep at night. On the Three Orders Festival, the emperor composed poems and ordered all ministers to harmonize, to judge the quality of their works, and to personally test the talents from all over the world. If there may be any absurdity, please erase it with a thicker brush. When the purpose is called, one raises one's feet and chants loudly. I am surprised, Prime Minister, that all of my disciples obey the emperor's instructions. After reigning for twenty-five years, his posthumous title was Xiaowen. The collection has not been passed down, but fifteen poems are preserved today.
Emperor Wenzong Emperor Tao Ang, the second son of Mu Zong. His first name was Han, and he was granted the title of King of Jiang. In the second year of Baoli, he ascended the throne. He is respectful, frugal and elegant, has time to listen to politics, and has extensive knowledge. Gu said to his left and right: "If A doesn't see things at night and B doesn't read books at night, how can he be a ruler?" Every time he takes the imperial examination, he will have a new topic. He goes to all the places he tries, reads and chants, and forgets to be tired all day long. The scholar Yan was in the inner court, discussing the meaning of the classics. He was good at writing five-character poems, and his ancient tunes were clear and solemn. He often wanted to appoint a doctor of poetry. Li Jue said: "Today's Hanlin scholars are all capable of writing and writing, and they have many ancient and modern chapters, which are enough to please you." The holy love has stopped. He also discussed the poor craftsmanship of poetry with the prime minister. Zheng Qin said: "No one is as good at poetry as the Three Hundred Chapters. They were all written by the people of the country to beautify the current affairs, and the kings adopted them to observe the customs. The poets of later generations are flashy and unrealistic. It won't help anything." The emperor took his words very seriously. After reigning for thirteen years, his posthumous title was Zhaoxian. There are seven poems in existence today.
Emperor Xuanzong Emperor Taichen, the thirteenth son of Xianzong, was first named Yi and was granted the title of King Guang. In the sixth year of Huichang, he was established as the emperor's uncle. He was thrifty, respectful, open-minded and receptive, and his administration was characterized by Zhenguan style. Every time there was a banquet, he would advocate peace with the scholars, and when the ministers were out of town, they would write many farewell poems. Focus on subjects and pay attention to tribute examinations. Always travel in detail, collect public opinions, and understand the gains and losses of selecting talents. He must ask the courtiers about the titles of the poems and poems they have tried, and the surname of the chief minister. If the subject name is correct, he will be very happy. Or if a good person fails to win the first place, he will sigh and change the time. He often inscribes the title "Li Daolong Yun" as a tribute to Jinshi from his hometown. In the thirteenth year of his reign, he was posthumously named Xianwen and composed six poems.
Emperor Zhaozong Emperor Tao Ye, the seventh son of Yizong, became famous at first and was granted the title of King of Longevity. In the first year of Wende, he was established as the emperor's younger brother. Reigned for fourteen years. The emperor's calligraphy and writing were good, but after the Ming Dynasty invaders in Guangzhou, Tang Zuo declined day by day, and his poems were only in rhyme, all of which were made by his broadcasters. Emperor Tao Ye, the seventh son of Yizong, was famous at first and was granted the title of King of Longevity. In the first year of Wende, he was established as the emperor's younger brother. Reigned for fourteen years. The emperor was good at writing books, but after the Ming invaders in Chengguang, Tang Zuo declined day by day. The rhymes of the poems left behind were all produced by his broadcasters.
Queen Wende After Taizong, the Changsun family was from Luoyang, Henan. The daughter of General Sheng of Zuo Xiaowei in Sui Dynasty. In the ninth year of Wude, she was established as queen. I like to pass on pictures, look at the good and evil of the past and present to learn from myself. She respected etiquette and law, often picked up ancient women's affairs, and wrote an article called "Women's Rules". One of her poems has been preserved today.
Queen Zetian After Emperor Gaozong, the Wu family was from Wenshui in Yizhou and the daughter of Shi Yan, the governor of Jingzhou. In the sixth year of Yonghui's reign, she was established as queen. Zhongzong ascended the throne and was called the Empress Dowager. When he came to court, he proclaimed himself emperor, changed the name of his country to Zhou, and named himself Zhao. He reigned for twenty-two years. Anyway, Zhongzong was given the posthumous title of Queen Tianshun. There are hundreds of volumes of "Cui Gong Collection" and six volumes of "Jin Lun Collection". There are forty-six poems in existence today.
Concubine Xu Xian The concubine Minghui was born in Changcheng, Huzhou. She was born in May and could speak. She was proficient in the Analects of Confucius at the age of four and became proficient in literature at the age of eight. He gave a speech to support Wei without any thoughts. Taizong called him a talented person and then moved him to fill his capacity. He often talks about current affairs, and the emperor is good at his words and bestows them with gifts. In the first year of Yonghui, he presented it to the virtuous concubine. Five poems.
Shangguan Zhaorong Zhaorong, whose name is Wan'er, is the grandson of Yi, the Minister of West Taiwan. When she was the Queen of Heaven, she was assigned to Ye Ting. He was a Shao policeman by nature and good at writing. He was fourteen years old and was summoned later. Since Tongtian, he has been in charge of imperial edicts. Zhongzong ascended the throne and was greatly trusted. He went to pay homage to Zhaorong, persuaded the emperor to build a large library, increase the number of scholars, and introduced famous ministers and scholars to be selected. He gave several banquets and composed poems, and the monarch and his ministers harmonized each other. Wan'er Chang was the emperor and later the two masters of Changning and Anle. They wrote many chapters together, and the purpose of the poems was new. He also sent gifts from the ministers and gave them golden titles, so the imperial court became ruthless. At that time, those who belonged to Ci were mostly flashy, but they were all impressive and Wan'er was powerful. The king of Linzi rose up and was executed. At the beginning of the Kaiyuan Dynasty, Pei followed his articles and ordered Zhang to write the inscriptions, which were collected into twenty volumes. Today they have been lost and only thirty-two poems have been preserved.
Yang Guifei The concubine was from Yongle, Puzhou. I am a female official, nicknamed Taizhen. She is good at singing and dancing, has a good understanding of music, is wise and alert, and is extremely kind. She is known as the Lady in the Palace. At the beginning of Tianbao, she was admitted as a concubine. Fifteen years later, I arrived in Mawei from the west and found myself at the foot of the Jinglu Temple. There is a poem.
Jiang Fei The concubine's name is Caiping, a native of Putian. At the beginning of Kaiyuan Dynasty, Gao Lishi was elected to serve Emperor Ming and was greatly favored. He is good at writing, and he is better than his daughter. Plum blossoms were planted all over the house, and the emperor was fond of them, so she was named Mei Fei in the play. There is a poem.
Prince Zhang Huai The prince's name is Xian, his courtesy name is Mingyun, and he is the sixth son of Emperor Gaozong. He has a handsome face, he is just a few years old, and he can't forget to read at a glance. In the second year of Shangyuan, he was established as the crown prince. Changzhao collected the annotations of "Book of the Later Han Dynasty" by various scholars such as Zhang Da'an. Empress Wu thought that Ming Chongyan had been killed by a thief. She suspected that the prince had plotted against him, so she framed him and abolished him. After gaining power, he was killed. A poem.
Korean King Yuanjia Wang, the eleventh son of Emperor Gaozu. The young man was eager to learn, so he collected tens of thousands of books, all of which used ancient characters to identify similarities and differences. The boudoir door is trimmed, which is what the world calls it. Zhongzong abandoned his residence in Fangling. The king and Yue Wangzhen and his son plotted to raise troops anyway, but they did not vent their anger and were killed by Empress Wu. There is a poem.
Yue Wangzhen Wang, the eighth son of Emperor Taizong. He is good at riding and shooting, involved in literature and history, has an official position, and is the king of the clan. In Chui Gong, the king and Han Wang Yuanjia and others planned to raise their troops anyway, but failed, and Yang Yao died. There is a poem.
Xin'an Wang Yi Xin'an Wang Yi, the grandson of Taizong, the second son of King Wu Ke, was specially named King Sijiang. During the Kaiyuan period, he moved to Xin'an. Li was the Minister of the Ministry of War and the envoy of Shuofang Jiedushi, who sat in office and removed the governor of Quzhou. At the beginning of Tianbao, he became an official as the prince's young master. A poem.
Princess Yifen Princess Bendou is a daughter of Lu family, talented and beautiful. After four years of Tianbao, Xilin had no owner. An Lushan asked him to be his hostage and match him with the princess. The envoy was sent to escort him to Xuchi Posthouse, where he wrote a sad poem.
Female Bachelor Song Shi Ruohua Beizhou Song Tingfen, the grandson of Zhiwen, gave birth to one boy and five girls. The man is stupid and cannot be taught, but the five women are all alert and intelligent, good at writing, and they are called Ruohua, Ruo Zhao, Ruo Lun, Ruo Xian, and Ruo Xun. If Zhao is exceptionally well-educated and has a chaste nature, he does not want to return home and wants to learn from famous scholars. In the Zhenyuan period, he was summoned to the palace. The emperor and his courtiers were in harmony. The five of them were well behaved and did not serve as concubines. They were called scholars. Lun and Xun died first. Since the seventh year of Zhenyuan, pictures and books have been secretly banned, and General Ruohua has issued an edict. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty, he was given to the Lord of Hanoi. A poem.
Shang Gong Song’s Ruozhao Mu Zong worshiped as Zhaoshang Palace and succeeded as Huazhi. During the three dynasties of Mu Jingwen, they all called him sir and granted him the title of Mrs. Liang Guo. A poem.
Shang Gong Song Family Ruoxian At the beginning of Baoli, if Ruo Zhao died, Ruo Xian was restored to the palace status. A poem.
Bao's Imperial Emblem Bao Junhui, courtesy name Wenji, is the daughter of Bao Zhengjun. Good at poetry, he is as famous as Shang Gong in the Five Song Dynasties. Dezong tried to summon him to the palace and made peace with his courtiers, and was rewarded very generously. Four poems are preserved.
Concubine Xiao Concubine Xiao, Concubine Boliang, Prince of Wuling County. A poem.
Li Min, the First Lord of the Southern Tang Dynasty 昪, named Zhenglun, was from Xuzhou. Yang Xing raised him as a son in secret to beg Xu Wen. At first, his surname was Xu and his given name was Zhigao. On behalf of Wen Bingzheng, he accepted Yang's Zen, usurped the throne, and was given the posthumous title of Liezu. Thirty-nine years after the founding of the country. A poem.
Sir Jing Jing, whose courtesy name is Boyu, is Lie Zuzi. He has a graceful demeanor and is good at writing. He was given the posthumous title of Yuan Zong. Two poems.
Hou Zhuyu Yu, courtesy name Chongguang, was the son of Yuan Zong of the Southern Tang Dynasty. He is benevolent and filial, good at writing, good at calligraphy and painting, and good at music and rhythm. Chengxintang was set up in the inner garden, where scholars lived, and they tasted hundreds of "Miscellaneous Comments". At that time, people thought that it could succeed "Dianlun". In the opening of the treasure, he was granted the title of Duke of Longxi and presented to the King of Wu. It is a collection of ten volumes and one volume of poems. It was lost and now contains eighteen poems.
King of Han Congshan Congshan, named Zishi, the seventh son of Yuanzong, was renamed Duke of Chu in the Song Dynasty. A poem.

Song Song Ci List

Author Word brand name Text
Li Congzhou Qingpingle Search the dream soul. Suddenly he came to see you. It's like a bird in spring and a swallow in society. Ruofu Dongfeng Courtyard. Remember to take the children home. The blue clouds reflect the red clouds. Straight under the small bridge and flowing water, there is a peach tree in front of the door.
Anonymous Nine-card machine One machine. The scene of weaving shuttle flies away. Lanfang is always sad and sleepless at night. Vomiting and vomiting are woven into spring hatred, and they are kept until Lang returns. Two machines. The moon is bright and people are quiet, making few noises. Inextricably linked. Weave it into a piece, with brocade characters on it, and send it to Yi. Three machines. There is a playing flower in the center. Delicate red, tender green and bright spring. You must break it off early, and don’t wait too long for a beautiful branch. Four machines. The mandarin ducks want to fly together. It's a pity that the old man turns gray first. Green grass on the spring waves, deep in the cold dawn, bathed in red clothes. Five card machines. The period of sweetness and cleverness. The branches of the Albizia Julibrissin tree are connected. Under the double-headed flower, at two concentric places, there is a pair of transformed children. Six machines. The carved brocade is half-draped. Orchid House has a special plan to stay in spring. The small seal script is added to the furnace, and the day is long, so the embroidery work is relatively late. Seven machines. The spring silkworm spins all its silk. Don't teach Luo Qi easily. The jian was broken for no reason, and the fairy luan and colorful phoenix were divided into two kinds of clothes. Eight machines. The slender and jade hands hold no time. The Shu River is full of spring waves. The fragrant remains of the musk deer, the embroidered quilt in the flower house, the intention to return is delayed. Nine machines. One heart grows on a hundred flower branches. Hundreds of flowers make a red quilt. All the spring scenery will be hidden inside the head, and I am not afraid of sleeping for a long time. Light silk. The elephant bed and the jade hand bring out the novelty. Thousands of flowers and grass are shining and green. Tailored clothes, spring songs and dances, flying butterflies and orioles. Spring clothes. Plain silk dyeing is already miserable. The world is dull and colorless. It should be the same as the autumn fan. I will give it up forever and never serve you again. The singing sounds fly down to the painted beams, and after dancing the fragrant wind rolls around the embroidered leaves. I want to wipe out the hatred in Chen Ji, but suddenly there is a heartbroken person in front of me.
Zhang Xiaoxiang Huanxisha Rely only on loyalty and not on soldiers. Roll the flag and go straight into Caizhou City. The demon star falls in the middle of the night in the thief camp. Wanlu Yuntun is looking at the leisure time, but Pingting is sitting with ten eyebrows ringed. White hemp descends to heaven morning and evening.
Fan Chengda Huanxisha The greenery in front of Baiyu Hall is sparse. The candle can sing and the song stops to help each other in difficulty. I asked people whether they would like to think about spring or not. In the dream, the fragrance of powder floats on the pillow, and when I feel the mist and the full moon, I feel the music on the piano. How about a deep affection.
Fan Chengda North Korea Central Measures The east wind passes through the mountains at midnight. And the snow reaches the end of the night. It's strange to see that the branches of the plum trees are not warm, but I know that the eyes of the willows are still cold. Green silk vegetable armor, silver mud cake bait, and separate cups and plates. Yichun has been victorious, and the title banner will be long.
Fan Chengda North Korea Central Measures Being leisurely and healthy is life. Not to mention the good years. After watching the autumn moon for ten minutes, I even put yellow flowers on the Double Ninth Festival. Spend time with the scenery, brewing wine from the Wuban Society, and tea from the Shiding Mountain. After eating red lotus-flavored rice, the Nong family will become a fairy family.
Fan Chengda North Korea Central Measures Tie the boat to sell wine in Bilianfang. Wine is better than goose yellow. After getting drunk, I fell into a dream in the Western Garden, and the east wind blew the willows and fragrant flowers. Where the water floats to the sky, the sunset is like a brocade, just like the hometown of perch. There is a memory of someone's tears, when did they flow to Hengtang.
Fan Chengda North Korea Central Measures Begonias are like the snow in the palace after spring. Qin Nong Qingqing early. Tired guests often feel ashamed of Du Yu, and drunken people in good times carry the pot. Carefree and carefree, return him the fishermen and lose to the woodcutter. When will Yi Chu return? The boat will end up in the rivers and lakes.
Fan Chengda North Korea Central Measures The sky and the clouds express the autumn light. The leaves are half green and yellow. Cherish the west wind to dispel the heat, and wear light clothes early to avoid the new coolness. The affection of an old friend lingers on the sick guest, and it is disappointing and underestimating. A thousand sorrows on the road are easy to disperse, but a smile in front of you is unforgettable.
Fan Chengda Dielianhua In spring, a pole adds water to the water. Fragrant grass and geese fill the shore with green breeze. The painted boat floats around the bay hundreds of times. Hengtang Tower is closer to the front and farther away. It's cold in Jiang State and it's late for farming. To the north of the village and to the south of the village, the fields are plowed all over during the Grain Rain. Show the wheat, the hills, the mulberry leaves and the cheap. Take a look and try to harvest new cocoons.
Fan Chengda Nan Kezi·Nan Gezi Xiang Xiang's poems are thin and sad, and the intestines are soft after drinking. In the cool evening, I want to know the autumn with my fan. Lying down, I can see the silvery shadow of the bright river and the flow of heaven and earth. The cranes sound quiet at first, but the insects sing even more quietly at night. Jiachen is only a bargain. What more can I ask for than a day of love and romance?
Fan Chengda Nan Kezi·Nan Gezi Looking at the Plum Blossom Station with regret, and concentrating on Du Ruozhou. There are tall buildings at the bottom of the fragrant clouds. It's a pity that the high-rise building is not close to Mulanzhou. The two fishes are far away, and the red leaves are autumn. I want to rely on the river to express my sorrow. The river has flowed eastward, but it is willing to flow further west.
Fan Chengda Nan Kezi·Nan Gezi The silver river flows across the river, and the golden wind blows slowly. The evening fragrance floats and five clouds fly. Sister Yue is jealous, and her eyebrows are furrowed. It's hard to stay in a short night, when the sloping river is about to fade away. Half sad and half happy is a good time. We met once and fell in love with each other.
Fan Chengda Shui Tiao Ge Tou Detail the events of the past ten years and celebrate the Mid-Autumn Festival in ten places. This year's new dream is to suddenly reach the top of Yellow Crane's old mountain. Lao Tzu is not a shallow person. This time we will see the Heavenly Sect again, and we will see each other in the south building now and in ancient times. The stars are colorless, and the jade mirror floats alone in the sky. Gather the smoke of Qin, gather the mist of Chu, and iron the flow of the river. Guanhe separation and reunion, the north and the south still care about each other. Wanting to see E'e's cold eyes, she should return with a smile on her temples and an empty black mink coat. I drank wine and asked Toad Rabbit if he was willing to go to Cangzhou.
Fan Chengda Shui Tiao Ge Tou The envoys of the Han family, who are thousands of miles away, shine on the Qingqiu on double festivals. Traveling all over the old capital, calling Yu to help Huangliu in the middle of the night. There are few mulberry trees in the northwest, and endless purple and green trees in Taihang, accompanying each other across the ditch. Late in the year, visitors are often sick, and the wind and dew are cold. For Chongjiu, you must be drunk and don't worry. The yellow flowers are for me, and they don’t care about the frost on their temples with a smile. The book in my sleeve is close at hand, and there are hundreds of rivers in my eyes. After singing, this life will float. Only the safe letter followed Yan to Nanzhou.
Fan Chengda 西江月 In October, spring is small, but beauty comes twice a year. Yunying spends this evening at Blue Bridge. All flowers and branches are good. Baimei is pale pink in the sky, and the moon is raw with six baht steps. The world is covered with frost and leaves, but the east wind never grows old.
Fan Chengda 西江月 The guests from the North look forward to their happy years, while the Lord from the East is looking forward to the good years. Covering the wind and rain, the sky is cloudy at night. You should be afraid of apricot tips that are light red. He doesn't hesitate to stay up late at night in front of the lamp, and learns how to stay cold after the snow. Crystal curtain foil kaleidoscope. Listen to the Xiaojian in the South Tower.
Fan Chengda Magpie Bridge Immortal On a good night with two stars, I am lazy in plowing and weaving, and I should be jealous of all the immortals. Sister Juanjuan Yue's eyebrows are full of wrinkles, and she is even more helpless, and the wind is blowing the rain. Meeting each other hastily, arguing as if we have never seen each other again, disturbing the mood of separation again. The new joy is not as good as the old sorrow, but adds to it, and the new sorrow goes away.
Fan Chengda Yi Nan Cao The reeds on the chrysanthemum beach were covered with frost. There is a long wind and thousands of tall willows. For whom does the sky spread out the dim light of the lake? It should be for me, the boat. I was drunk with Dongting wine among the oranges. Rolling clouds and waves, hanging sails to fight south. Looking back on old travels, Shangshan is no longer lost. There are still people who can remember it.
Fan Chengda Yi Nan Cao The smoke in the north and the waves in the south. The snow falls on the fence and the rain falls. Asking about the small bridge, who is crossing it after farewell, only the lost birds and females are passing by. Looking again at the mountains and rivers to ask if they are okay. Sweep the net of firewood and thorns and soil and flowers. Keep the little peach and test the wind first, and the grass will grow brighter from now on.
Fan Chengda Qin Louyue·Recalling Qin'e The window screen is thin. The sun wears red curtains and combs. Urgent combing. On a sunny day, magpies are heard on the painted eaves. Haitang teases Xiaodu and opens the door. Xiaoyun was at Langgan corner first. Linggan angle. The ground is covered with poplars, and there is a bad wind at night.
Fan Chengda Qin Louyue·Recalling Qin'e The bead curtain is narrow. The spring courtyard is surrounded by rolling curtains and flowers. Flowers surround. The day is long, people are quiet, and there are both butterflies. Bitter gold banana leaves before flowering. Guiteng was timid while holding his head while taking a nap. Holding one's head timidly. There is endless leisure and sorrow, and the distant mountains are sloping.
Fan Chengda Qin Louyue·Recalling Qin'e Xiangluo is thin. No one notices the width of the belt. No one noticed. The east wind blows and the sun sets, a curtain of flowers falls. The empty lock swing rope in the West Garden. The curtains are hung down and rolled up in the pool pavilion. Xianchi Pavilion. In the evening, there is incense and the trumpets are blown in the painting building.
Fan Chengda Qin Louyue·Recalling Qin'e The building is missing. The shadow of Langgan lies in the east chamber and the moon is shining. The moon in the east chamber. One day there was wind and dew, and the apricot blossoms were like snow. The smoke induces leakage and Jin Qiu swallows. Luo drapery dim lamp rosette. Lantern flower knot. A brief spring dream, the sky is vast in the south of the Yangtze River.
Fan Chengda Qin Louyue·Recalling Qin'e Floating clouds gather. Light thunder faintly awakened the insects. First awakening of insects. The doves are croaking angrily, and the green poplars are blowing in the wind. The smoke from the jade furnace is heavy with incense. The walls are thick with apricots and swallows. Yanzhi is wet. Where the fancy decorations are missing, the painted buildings and figures stand.
Fan Chengda Nian Nujiao The twin peaks stack up against each other, passing by the wind, sea and rain, the sky is boundless blue. Sister Yue should be happy every year, but the jade palace and Qiong Palace are sad and lonely. Who calls the crazy cloud, one cup will be enough, the night air is cold and colorless. Staring at the blue city, the tall buildings are misty to the northwest. The heartbroken Gui Lengchan is alone, the good times are like a dream, and the railings are patted. The servant girl with misty temples and wind asked me, how many times have I seen this evening in this floating world? The moon is clear and the clouds are clear, the past and the present share the same hatred, I will always be a guest. Chanjuan tomorrow night, who in front of you is thinking about Nanmo.
Fan Chengda Nian Nujiao Ten years ago, I was drunk with Beijing flowers and Shu wine, and there were thousands of flowers and calyxes. As soon as I came back, I looked down at Wu. I was in admiration today and yesterday. Strongly leaning on the carved railings, shy of wearing snow hairpins on the temples, I am always afraid of sleeping on the flower branches. Wiping my sorrowful eyes, I remained silent in the mist. I heard that the Taoist family had a banquet in Luan, the light and wind turned to night, and the moon fell next to the west building. The spring of Liangzhou is far away. How can you be happy if you don't drink. To indulge in the fragrance of heaven and the beauty of the country, don’t drink in front of the lamp. Where the socks are born, I will give you Heluo.
Fan Chengda Nian Nujiao Wu Bo floats, looking at the flowing moon, half of the river is golden and green. Drunk and dancing, thirty thousand hectares of sky are bright, no matter how lonely I am. Point out the Qiong Tower, there is a way out, and the whale's back stretches across the east pole. The water clouds are drifting, and the langan is powerless. Looking back at Cangzhou's family history, there are traces of the Yiyi fairy in the smoke and fishing. Yixiao was leisurely wandering around, and came to visit Bianzhou for news. Tonight in heaven, here on earth, I am a guest before the wind. The waves are rising in the remaining night, and the fish and dragons are startled to listen to the horizontal flute.
Fan Chengda Nian Nujiao The frost is falling in the water town. Looking at the west mountain an inch, the eyebrows are trimmed and green. The tide in Nanpu is full of sail shadows, and the sky is blue and the river is white at sunset. Thousands of miles of floating clouds are blown away by the wind, and then accumulated by the wind. After singing in front of you, the sky is filled with a cold color. There will be less and more separation in this world, and fame and fortune will come to you like a fly. Winning the long pavilion and the carriage road, the eternal sorrow is like weaving. We are so in love, we meet each other in a hurry, and a smile is so rare. Whoever is healthy next year will have dreams wandering north and south.
Fan Chengda Nian Nujiao The lakes and mountains are picturesque, with isolated canopies and willows on the banks. Don’t scare the fish and birds. The spring is cold and the flowers are not everywhere. First, the plum blossoms are sparse and the flowers are smiling. Three years after a dream, the pine breeze remains the same, but the moonlight never gets old. The neighbors asked each other, this time they really returned. Wu Shuang, the new one with green temples, is strong and strong, not afraid of losing his reputation. Thanks to the romantic chariots and horses, they come to find the fragrant clouds and flowers island. It seems that I am a rough man, I don't know my surname, I only have silver bottles to pour. Chasing fame and fortune, no matter how messy the sails are, who is in the sky?

List of Song Ci writers

Name Introduction
苏轼 苏轼:(1037-1101)北宋文学家、书画家。字子瞻,号东坡居士,眉州眉山(今属四川)人。苏洵子。嘉佑进士。神宗时曾任祠部员外郎,因 反对王安石新法而求外职,任杭州通判,知密州、徐州、湖州。后以作 诗“谤讪朝廷”罪贬黄州。哲宗时任翰林学士,曾出知杭州、颖州等, 官至礼部尚书。后又贬谪惠州、儋州。北还后第二年病死常州 。南宋 时追谥文忠。与父洵弟辙,合称“三苏”。在政治上属于旧党,但也有改革弊政的要求。其文汪洋恣肆,明白畅达,为“唐宋八大家”之一 。其诗清新豪健,善用夸张比喻,在艺术表现方面独具风格。少数诗篇 也能反映民间疾苦,指责统治者的奢侈骄纵。词开豪放一派,对后代很 有影响。《念奴娇・赤壁怀古》、《水调歌头・丙辰中秋》传诵甚广。 擅长行书、楷书,取法李邕、徐浩、颜真卿、杨凝式,而能自创新意。 用笔丰腴跌宕,有天真烂漫之趣。与蔡襄、黄庭坚、米芾并称“宋四家 ”。能画竹,学文同,也喜作枯木怪石。论画主张“神似”,认为“论 画以形似,见与儿童邻”;高度评价“诗中有画,画中有诗”的艺术 造诣。诗文有《东坡七集》等。存世书迹有《答谢民师论文帖》、《 祭黄几道文》、《前赤壁赋》、《黄州寒食诗帖》等。画迹有《枯木怪石图》、《竹石图》等。--(1037―1101)字子瞻,号东坡居士。眉州眉山(今属四川)人。苏洵长子。嘉二年(1057)进士。累除中书舍人、翰林学士、端明殿学士、礼部尚书。曾通判杭州,知密州、徐州、湖州、颍州等。元丰三年(1080)以谤新法贬谪黄州。绍圣初,又贬惠州、儋州。徽宗立,赦还。卒于常州。追谥文忠。博学多才,善文,工诗词,书画俱佳。于词“豪放,不喜剪裁以就声律”,题材丰富,意境开阔,突破晚唐五代和宋初以来“词为艳科”的传统樊篱,以诗为词,开创豪放清旷一派,对后世产生巨大影响。代表作有《念奴娇・赤壁怀古》、《江神子・猎主要作品有:定风波(莫听穿林打叶声)昭君怨(谁作桓伊三弄)洞仙歌(冰肌玉骨)浣溪沙(游蕲水清泉寺)西江月(顷在黄州)八声甘州・寄参寥子浣溪沙(簌簌衣巾落枣花)水龙吟(似花还似非花)行香子・过七里滩永遇乐(彭城夜宿燕子楼)西江月・重九(点点楼头细雨)满江红(江汉西来)满江红・怀子由作(清颍东流)江城子(十年生死两茫茫)念奴娇・赤壁怀古②临江仙(夜饮东坡醒复醉)水调歌头(明月几时有)蝶恋花(花褪残红青杏小)鹧鸪天(林断山明竹隐墙)望江南(春未老)卜算子(缺月挂疏桐)贺新郎(乳燕飞华屋)阮郎归(绿槐高柳咽新蝉)
柳永 --(?-约1053)字耆卿。初名三变,字景庄。崇安(今属福建)人。景元年(1034)进士。官至屯田员外郎。排行第七,世称柳七或柳屯田。为人放荡不羁,终生潦倒。善为乐章,长于慢词,以描写歌妓生活、城市风光以及失意文人羁旅行役的生活等题材为主,语多俚俗,尤善铺叙形容,曲尽其妙。对北宋慢词的兴盛和发展起过重要作用。代表作有《雨霖铃》、《八声甘州》、《望海潮》、《蝶恋花》、《戚氏》等。有《乐章集》传世。主要作品有:雨霖铃(寒蝉凄切)蝶恋花(伫倚危楼风细细)定风波(自春来)鹤冲天(黄金榜上)黄莺儿(园林晴昼春谁主)雪梅香(景萧索)斗百花(飒飒霜飘鸳瓦)慢卷袖(闲窗烛暗)夜半乐(冻云黯淡天气)望海潮(东南形胜)彩云归(蘅皋向晚舣轻航)玉女摇仙佩(佳人)(飞琼伴侣)玉蝴蝶(望处雨收云断)八声甘州(对潇潇暮雨洒江天)倾杯(鹜落霜洲)
李清照 李清照:(1084-约1151)南宋女词人。号易安居士,齐州章丘(今属山东)人。父李格非为当时著名学者,夫赵明诚为金石考据家。早期生活优裕,与明诚共同致力于书画金石的搜集整理。金兵入据中原,流寓南方,明诚病死,境遇孤苦。所作词,前期多写其悠闲生活,后期多悲叹身世,情调感伤,有的也流露出对中原的怀念。形式上善用白描手法,自辟途径,语言清丽。论词强调协律,崇尚典雅、情致,提出词“别是一家”之说,反对以作诗文之法作词。并能诗,留存不多,部分篇章感时咏史,情辞慷慨,与其词风不同。有《易安居士文集》、《易安词 》,已散佚。后人有《漱玉词》辑本。今人有《李清照集校注》。--(1084-约1151)号易安居士,济南(今属山东)人。李格非之女,赵明诚妻。与夫共事金石研究。建炎三年(1129),夫卒。清照流寓越州、杭州,晚居金华。其词以南渡为界,分前后两期,前期多写离别相思之情,后期于身世悲慨中寄寓亡国之恸。词风婉约,偶有豪放之致,多用白描手法,语言清丽浅近。论词崇尚典雅、情致、协律,有《词论》一篇,提倡“词别是一家”之说。代表作有《如梦令》、《凤凰台上忆吹箫》、《声声慢》、《永遇乐》、《武陵春》等。亦能诗文,感时咏史,与词风迥异。著有《易安居士文集》、《易安词》,主要作品有:如梦令(昨夜雨疏风骤)醉花阴(薄雾浓云愁永昼)渔家傲(天接云涛连晓雾)声声慢(寻寻觅觅)点绛唇(寂寞深闺)诉衷情(夜来沈醉卸妆迟)忆秦娥(临高阁)南歌子(天上星河转)临江仙(庭院深深深几许)满庭芳(小阁藏春)一剪梅(红藕香残玉簟秋)长寿乐(南昌生日)行香子(天与秋光)念奴娇・春情(萧条庭院)凤凰台上忆吹箫(香冷金猊)好事近(风定落花深)临江仙・梅(庭院深深深几许)多丽・咏白菊(小楼寒)武陵春(风住尘香花已尽)行香子・七夕(草际鸣蛩)点绛唇(蹴罢秋千)如梦令(常记溪亭日暮)永遇乐(落日熔金)
辛弃疾 辛弃疾:(1140-1207),南宋词人。字幼安,号稼轩,历城(今山东济南)人。出生时,山东已为金兵所占。二十一岁参加抗金义军,不久归南宋,历任湖北、江西、湖南、福建、浙东安抚使等职。任职期间,采取积极措施,招集流亡,训练军队,奖励耕战,打击贪污豪强,注意安定民生。一生坚决主张抗金。在《美芹十论》、《九议》等奏疏中,具体分析当时的政治军事形势,对夸大金兵力量、鼓吹妥协投降的谬论,作了有力的驳斥;要求加强作战准备,鼓励士气,以恢复中原。他所提出的抗金建议,均未被采纳,并遭到主和派的打击,曾长期落职闲居江西上饶、铅山一带。晚年韩□(tuo1)胄当政,一 度起用,不久病卒。其词抒写力图恢复国家统一的爱国热情,倾诉壮志难酬的悲愤,对南宋上层统治集团的屈辱投降进行揭露和批判;也有不少吟咏祖国河山的作品。艺术风格多样,而以豪放为主。热情洋溢,慷慨悲壮,笔力雄厚,与苏轼并称为“苏辛”。《破阵子・为陈 同甫赋壮词以寄之》、《永遇乐・京口北固亭怀古》、《水龙吟・登建康赏心亭》、《菩萨 蛮・书江西造口壁》等均有名。但部分作品也流露出抱负不能实现而产生的消极情绪。有 《稼轩长短句》。今人辑有《辛稼轩诗文钞存》。--(1140-1207)字幼安,号稼轩,历城(今属山东济南)人。二十一岁参加抗金义军,曾任耿京军的掌书记,不久投归南宋。历任江阴签判、建康通判、江西提点刑狱、湖南、湖北转运使、湖南、江西安抚使等职。四十二岁遭谗落职,退居江西信州,长达二十年之久,其间曾一度起为福建提点刑狱、福建安抚使。六十四岁再起为浙东安抚使、镇江知府,不久罢归。六十八岁病逝。一生力主抗金北伐,并提出有关方略,均未被采纳。其词热情洋溢、慷慨激昂,富有爱国感情。有《稼轩长短句》以及今人辑本《辛稼轩诗文钞存》。主要作品有:贺新郎(同父见和)西江月(夜行黄沙道中)木兰花慢(中秋饮酒将旦)水龙吟(过南剑双溪楼)永遇乐・京口北固亭怀古摸鱼儿(淳熙已亥)祝英台近・晚春(宝钗分)清平乐・村居(茅檐低小)菩萨蛮・书江西造口壁
欧阳修 欧阳修:(1007-1072)北宋文学家、史学家。字永叔,号醉翁、六一居士,吉州吉水(今属江西)人。天圣进士。官馆阁校勘,因直言论事贬知夷陵。庆历中任谏官,支持范仲淹,要求在政治上有所改良,被诬贬知滁州。官至翰林学士 、枢密副使、参知政事。王安石推行新法时,对青苗法有所批评。谥文忠。主张文章应“明道”、致用,对宋初以来靡丽、险怪的文风表示不满,并积极培养后进,是北宋古文运动的领袖。散文说理畅达,抒情委婉,为“唐宋八大家”之一;诗风与其散文近似,语言流畅自然。其词婉丽,承袭南唐余风。曾与宋祁合修《新唐书 》,并独撰《新五代史》。又喜收集金石文字,编为《集古录》,对宋代金石学颇有影响。有《欧阳文忠集》。--(1007-1072)字永叔,号醉翁,晚号六一居士。庐陵(今江西吉安)人。天圣八年(1030)进士。累擢知制造、翰林学士,历枢密副使、参知政事。神宗朝,迁兵部尚书,以太子少师致仕。卒谥文忠。政治上曾支持过范仲淹等的革新主张,文学上力主“明道”、“致用”,反对论卑气弱、艰涩险怪的时文和风靡诗坛的“西昆体”,是北宋诗文革新运动的领袖,“唐宋八大家”之一。散文、诗、词均有成就。著有《新五代史》、《集古录》、《欧阳文忠集》、《六一词》。他的词基本上沿袭晚唐五代馀风,抒情委婉深致,写景清新明丽,亦有少数篇章风主要作品有:采桑子(轻舟短棹西湖好)蝶恋花(庭院深深深几许)踏莎行(候馆梅残)南歌子(凤髻金泥带)临江仙(记得金銮同唱第)玉楼春(樽前拟把归期说)鹤冲天(梅谢粉)少年游(阑干十二独凭春)诉衷情(清晨帘幕卷轻霜)浪淘沙(把酒祝东风)阮郎归(南园春半踏青时)浣溪沙(堤上游人逐画船)临江仙(池外轻雷池上雨)蝶恋花(越女采莲秋水畔)生查子(去年元夜时)采桑子(群芳过后西湖好)
吴文英 吴文英:(约1212-1272)字君特,号梦窗,晚年又号 觉翁,四明(今属浙江)人。一生未仕,但交游甚广,作词较多。是一位重要词人。今传有《梦窗集》。在中国词史中,吴文英是一个引起过不少争论的人。他的词一向被人称为晦涩堆垛。南宋词人张炎便曾说吴文英的词“如七宝楼台,眩人眼目。碎拆下来,不成片断“。另外一些人对他却备极推崇。清代学者周济在《宋四家词选目录序论》中便曾说“梦窗(即吴文英)奇思壮采,腾天潜渊,反南宋之清,为北宋之挚“。又说他“运意深远,用笔幽邃,炼字炼句,迥不犹人。貌观之雕缋满眼,而实有灵气行乎其间。“另外,吴文英因与奸相贾似道关系亲密而受到人们的抨击。然客观地讲,吴文英的词善用典故,体物入微,遣词清丽,实为难得。--(约1212-约1272)字君特,号梦窗,晚号觉翁,本姓翁氏,入继吴氏,四明(今浙江鄞县)人。绍定中入苏州仓幕。曾任吴浙东安抚使幕僚,复为荣王府门客。出入贾似道、史宅之(史弥远之子)之门。知音律,能自度曲。词名极重,以绵丽为尚,思深语丽,多从李贺诗中来。有《梦窗甲乙丙丁稿》传世。主要作品有:金缕歌・陪履斋先生沧浪看梅齐天乐・与冯深居登禹陵莺啼序春晚感怀祝英台近・春日客龟溪游废园风入松(听风听雨过清明)八声甘州・陪庾幕诸公游灵岩霜叶飞(断烟离绪)浣溪沙(门隔花深梦旧游和)点绛唇(卷尽愁云)夜合花(柳暝河桥)唐多令(何处合成愁)
姜夔 --(约1155-约1221)字尧章,号白石道人,鄱阳(今江西波阳)人。少随父宦游汉阳。父死,流寓湘、鄂间。诗人萧德藻以兄女妻之,移居湖州,往来于苏、杭一带,与张镃、范成大等过往甚密。终生不第,卒于杭州。工诗,尤以词称。精通音律,曾著《琴瑟考古图》。词集中多自度曲,并存有工尺旁谱十七首。词风清空峻拔,张炎评为:“如野云孤飞,去留无迹。”代表作有《暗香》、《疏影》、《扬州慢》等。有《白石道人诗集》、《白石诗说》,《白石道人歌曲》等。主要作品有:踏莎行(燕燕轻盈)齐天乐(丙辰岁)琵琶仙(双桨来时)点唇(燕雁无心)扬州慢(淮左名都)暗香(辛亥之冬)念奴娇(余客武陵)疏影(辛亥之冬)惜红衣(吴兴号水晶宫)
范仲淹 --(989-1052)字希文。其先(今陕西县)人,后徙苏州吴县(今属江苏)。大中祥符八年(1015)进士。官至枢密副使,参加政事,又曾出任陕西四路宣抚使,知州。守边多年,西夏称他“胸中自有数万甲兵”。卒谥文正。著有《范文正公集》。词存五首,风格、题材均不拘一格,如《渔家傲》写边塞生活,苍劲明健,《苏幕遮》、《御街行》写离别相思,缠绵深致,均脍炙人口。有今辑本《范文正公诗馀》。主要作品有:苏幕遮(碧云天)渔家傲(塞下秋来风景异)
岳飞 岳飞:(1103~1142),南宋抗金名将。字鹏举,相州汤阴(今属河南)人。北宋末年投军,任秉 义郎(下级军官)。南宋王朝建立,以上书高宗反对南迁,被革职。不久随宗泽守卫 开封,任统制。泽死,从杜充南下。建炎三年(1129)金兀术渡江南侵,他移军广德、 宜兴,坚持抵抗。次年,金军在江南军民的反击下被迫北撤。他攻击金军后防,收 复建康(今江苏南京),绍兴三年(1133),因镇压江西地区的农民起义,得高宗所奖 “精忠岳飞”的锦旗。次年又破金傀儡军,收复襄阳、信阳等六郡,任清远军节度 使。绍兴五年,又从张浚镇压洞庭湖地区杨么领导的农民起义。后驻军鄂州( 今湖 北武昌),派人渡河联络太行义军,屡次建议大举北进。绍兴九年,高宗、 秦桧与 金议和,他上表反对。次年,兀术进兵河南。他出兵反击,收复郑州、洛阳等地, 在郾城大败金军。两河义军纷起响应。这时高宗、秦桧一心求和,下令退兵。他回 临安后,被解除兵权,任枢密副使。不久被诬谋反下狱。绍兴十一年十二月二十九 日(1142年1月27日)以“莫须有”(也许有) 的罪名与子岳云及部将张宪同被杀害。 宁宗时追封鄂王。有《岳武穆遗文》(一作《岳忠武王文集》),诗词散文都慷慨激昂。--(1103-1141)字鹏举,相州汤阴(今属河南)人。抗金名将。官至枢密副使,封武昌郡开国公。以不附和议,为秦桧害死。孝宗时复官,卒谥武穆,宁宗时追封鄂王,理宗时改谥忠武。有《岳武穆集》。词存三首。主要作品有:满江红(怒发冲冠)小重山(昨夜寒蛩不住鸣)
王安石 王安石:(1021~1086),北宋政治家、思想家、文学家。字介甫,晚号半山。抚州临川(今属江西)人。仁宗庆历进士。嘉佑三年(1058)上万言书,提出变法主张,要求改变“积贫 积弱”的局面,推行富国强兵的政策,抑制官僚地主的兼并,强化统治力量,以防止大规模的农民起义,巩固地主阶级的统治。神宗熙宁二年(1069)任参知政事。次年任宰相,依靠神宗实行变法。并支持五取西河等州,改善对西夏作战的形势。因保守派反对,新法遭到阻碍。熙宁七年辞退。次年再相;九年再辞,还居江宁(今江苏南京),封舒国公,改封荆,世称荆公。卒谥文。他强调“权时之变”,反对因循保守,是中国十一世纪的改革家。他主张“绝求正所以经世务”,设置专局,使子与门人纂修各经新义,以为诵习的定本。《诗》、《书》、《周官》三经新义最为重要,《周官新义》尤能阐发新政理论。他的诗文颇有揭露时弊、反映社会矛盾之作,体现了他的政治主张和抱负。散文雄健峭拔,旧时被列为“唐宋八大家”之一。诗歌遒劲清新。词虽不多而风格高峻,《桂枝画・金陵怀古》颇有名。所著《字说》、《钟山目录》等,多已散佚。今存《王临川集》、《临川集拾遗》、《三经新义》中的《周官新义》残卷、《老子注》若干条。--(1021-1086)字介甫,晚号半山。抚州临川(今属江西)人。庆历二年(1042)进士。神宗朝两度任相,实行变法。封舒国公,改封荆国公。晚居金陵。卒,谥曰文。诗、文皆有成就,为“唐宋八大家之一”。词作不多,风格高峻,一洗五代绮靡旧习。以《桂枝香・金陵怀古》为代表作。著有《王临川集》、《临州先生歌曲》。主要作品有:桂枝香(登临送目)浣溪沙(百亩中庭半是苔)南乡子(自古帝王州)渔家傲(平岸小桥千嶂抱)菩萨蛮(数家茅屋闲临水)千秋岁引(别馆寒砧)
周邦彦 周邦彦:(1056-1121)北宋词人。字美成,号清真居士,钱塘(今浙江杭州)人。历官太学正、庐州教授、知溧水县等。徽宗时为徽猷阁待制,提举大晟府。精通音律,曾创作不少新词调。作品多写闺情、羁旅,也有咏物之作。格律谨严。语言典丽精雅。长调尤善铺叙。为后来格律派词人所宗。旧时词论称他为“词家之冠”。有《清真居士集》,已佚。--(1056-1121)字美成,号清真居士,钱塘 (今浙江杭州)人。元丰中,献《汴都赋》,自太学生一命为太学正。居五年,出为庐州教授,知溧水县,还京为国子主簿。哲宗召对,除秘书省正字,历校书郎。徽宗时,仕至徽猷阁待制,提举大晟府,出知顺昌府,徙处州,提举南京鸿庆宫,卒。邦彦精通音律,在大晟府审古乐、制新调,对词乐的提高和发展有一定贡献。其词多写闺情、旅思,亦有感慨身世及咏物之作。词风典丽精工,形象丰满,格律严谨,善于融化前人诗句入词而浑然天成。著有《清真居士文集》,已佚。词有《清真集》,陈元龙为注主要作品有:苏幕遮(燎沉香)蝶恋花(月皎惊乌栖不定)兰陵王・柳(柳阴直)少年游(并刀如水)
陆游 --(1125-1210)字务观,号放翁,越州山阴 (今浙江绍兴)人。绍兴中,应礼部试,为秦桧所黜。孝宗时,赐进士出身。曾任镇江、隆兴、夔州通判。乾道八年(1172),为四川宣抚使王炎干办公事,投身军旅生活。后官至宝章阁待制。晚年居山阴。为杰出诗人,诗存九千馀首。亦工词,杨慎谓其纤丽处似秦观,雄慨处似苏轼。著有《剑南诗稿》、《渭南文集》、《南唐书》、《老学庵笔记》、《放翁词》。主要作品有:卜算子・咏梅(驿外断桥边)秋波媚(秋到边城角声哀)夜游宫(雪晓清笳乱起)谢池春(壮岁从戎)诉衷情(当年万里觅封候)钗头凤(红酥手)鹊桥仙(茅檐人静)鹧鸪天(懒向青门学种瓜)
李煜 --主要作品有:虞美人(春花秋月何时了)浪淘沙(帘外雨潺潺)乌夜啼(林花谢了春红)相见欢(无言独上西楼)一斛珠(晚妆初过)清平乐(别来春半)捣练子令(深院静)浣溪沙(红日已高三丈透)菩萨蛮(花明月黯笼轻雾)浪淘沙(往事只堪哀)玉楼春(晚妆初了明肌雪)破阵子(四十年来家国)
秦观 秦观:(1049-1100)北宋词人。字少游、太虚,号淮海居士,高邮(今属江苏)人。曾任秘书省正字,兼国史院编修官等职。因政治上倾向于旧党,被目为元佑党人,绍圣后累遭贬谪。文辞为苏轼所赏识,是“苏门四学士”之一。工诗词。词多写男女情爱,也颇有感伤身世之作,风格委婉含蓄,清丽雅淡。诗风与词风相近。有《淮海集》、《淮海居士长短句》。--(1049-1100)字少游,一字太虚,呈号淮海居士。高邮(今属江苏)人。少豪隽,慷慨溢于文辞,喜读兵家书。见苏轼于徐,作《黄楼赋》,轼以为有屈、宋才,勉以应举。元丰八年(1085)登进士第。元初,除秘书省正字、兼国史院编修官。绍圣初,坐党籍,削秩,监处州酒税。徙郴州、又徙雷州。徽宗朝,赦还,至藤州卒。其词清丽和婉,深有情致,多写男女情爱,亦有感伤身世之作。代表作有《满庭芳》(山抹微云)、《踏莎行》(雾失楼台)、《八六子》(倚危亭)、《鹊桥仙》(纤云弄巧)等。著有《淮海集》、《淮海居士长短句》。主要作品有:鹊桥仙(纤云弄巧)望海潮(梅英疏淡)踏莎行(雾失楼台)减字木兰花(天涯旧恨)水龙吟(小楼连远横空)八六子(倚危亭)满庭芳(山抹微云)千秋岁(水边沙外)浣溪沙(漠漠轻寒上小楼)
范成大 范成大:(1126~1193)南宋诗人。字致能,号石湖居士,平江吴郡(今江苏苏州)人。绍兴二十四年(1154)中进士。任徽州司户参军,累迁礼部员外郎。后出知处州,减轻赋税,兴修水利,颇有政绩。乾道六年(1170),他以起居郎、假资政殿大学士官衔,充祈国信使,出使金国,为改变接纳金国诏书礼仪和索取河南“陵寝”地事,范成大在金国“词气慷慨”,相机折冲,维护了宋廷的威信,全节而归,并写成使金日记《揽辔录》。后历任静江、咸都、建康等地行政长官。淳熙时,官至参知政事,因与孝宗意见相伴,两个月即去职。晚年隐居故乡石湖。范成大与陆游、杨万里、尤袤齐名,为南宋四大家之一。他写诗,初从江西诗派入手,后摆脱其束缚和影响,广泛地向唐宋名家学习,终于自成一家。他的诗题材广泛,以反映农村社会生活内容的作品成就最高。他的田园诗概括地描写了农村的广阔生活和农民的疾苦,既有深刻的社会内容,又同时表现了恬静闲适的田园生活,是中国古代田园诗的集大成者。他的爱国诗以使金途中所作绝句一卷最有价值。最能体现其诗歌特色的,是其晚年所作的《四时田园杂兴》60首。这组诗比较全面而深刻地描写了农村四时的风光景物、风俗习惯,反映了农民的辛勤劳动和困苦生活。其诗风格纤巧婉丽,温润精雅,富有民歌风味。他的文赋在当时也享有盛名。词作情长意深,与秦观相近,后期作品则近于苏轼。范成大的作品在南宋末年即产生了显著的影响,到清初影响更大,当时流传着“家剑南而户石湖”的说法。杨万里曾在《范成大文集序》中说:“至于诗,清新妩丽,奄有鲍谢,奔逸俊伟,勇追太白”。有《石湖居士诗集》、《石湖词》等传世。--(1126―1193)字致能,号石湖居士,苏州吴县(今属江苏)人。绍兴二十四年(1154)进士。历知处州、静江府兼广南西路安抚使,权史部尚书,参知政事等职。曾使金,坚强不屈。晚退居故里石湖。是南宋四大诗人之一,多关心国事和民瘼之作,尤以田园诗著称。词风似诗,清逸淡远。著有《石湖居士诗集》、《石湖词》等。主要作品有:满江红・冬至(寒谷春生)满江红(竹里行厨)浣溪沙(膜下珠帘护绔丛)朝中措(丙午立春大雪)南柯子(槁项诗余瘦)梦玉人引(送行人去)水调歌头(细数十年事)西江月(十月谁云春小)宜男草(篱菊滩芦被霜后)秦楼月(窗纱薄)念奴娇(双峰叠障)千秋岁・重到桃花坞浣溪沙・烛下海棠浣溪沙・新安驿席上留别水调歌头・又燕山九日作念奴娇・和徐尉游口湖南柯子・又七夕(银诸盈盈渡)
文天祥 文天祥:(1236~1283),初名云孙,字天祥,改字宋瑞,又字履善,号文山,吉安(今江西县名)人。 宋理宗宝佑四年(1256)考取进士第一名。历任湖南提刑,知赣州。恭帝德佑元年(1275)元兵渡江,文天祥起兵勤王。临安危急,奉命至元营议和,因坚决抗争被扣留,后冒险脱逃,拥立益王赵罡,至福建募集将士,进兵江西,恢复州县多处。后兵败被俘至元大都,终以不屈被害。封信国公。 作品有《文山先生全集》--(1236-1283)字履善,一字宋瑞,号文山,吉州庐陵(今江西吉安)人。宝四年(1256)进士。度宗朝,累迁直学士院,知赣州。德初,除右丞相,兼枢密使,奉使元营,被拘留,后脱逃,由海道南下。益王立,拜右丞相,以都督出江西,兵败被执,囚于燕京四年,不屈而死。能诗文,诗词多抒写其宁死不屈的决心。著有《文山集》、《文山乐府》。主要作品有:酹江月(乾坤能大)
黄庭坚 黄庭坚: (1045-1105),字鲁直,自号山谷道人,晚号涪翁,洪州分宁(今 江西修水)人。英宗治平四年(1067)进士。哲宗立,召为校书郎、《神宗实录》 检讨官。后擢起居舍人。绍圣初,新党谓其修史“多诬”,贬涪州别驾,安置 黔州等地。徽宗初,羁管宜州卒。工诗文,早年受知于苏轼,与张耒、晁补之、 秦观并称“苏门四学士”。诗与苏轼并称“苏黄”,为江西诗派开山,有《豫 章黄先生文集》。词与秦观齐名,有《山谷琴趣外篇》、龙榆生《豫章黄先生 词》。词风流宕豪迈,较接近苏轼。晁补之云:“鲁直间作小词固高妙,然不 是当行家语,自是著腔子唱好诗。”(见《诗人玉屑》)另有不少俚词,不免亵诨。--(1045-1105)字鲁直,号山谷道人、涪翁。分宁(今江西修水)人。治平四年(1067)举进士。历著作佐郎、秘书丞。绍圣初,以校书郎坐修《神宗实录》失实贬涪州别驾,黔州安置。徽宗立,召知太平州,九日而罢,复除名,编管宜州。三年而徙永州,未闻命而卒。“苏门四学士”之一。诗与苏轼齐名,世称苏黄。江西诗派之宗主,影响极大。词与秦观齐名,号秦七、黄九。词风疏宕,俚俗处甚于柳永。晁无咎谓其小词固高妙,然非当行家语,自是著腔子唱好诗。著有《豫章集》、《山谷词》。主要作品有:水调歌头(瑶草一何碧)虞美人(天涯也有江南信)
刘克庄 刘克庄:(1187--1269)字潜夫,号后村,莆田城厢人,生于宋朝孝宗淳熙十四年(公元1187年),卒于公元1269年,享年83岁。是南宋一位著名的爱国诗词家,创作了大量悲壮激昂的爱国诗词。传世著作有《后村先生大全集》,共196卷(其中包含5000余首诗,200余阙词,4卷诗话和多篇散文)。他的诗既吸收了唐代名家的风采,也继承了南宋前期的爱国诗人陆游的风格,反映现实,雄伟豪放;与苏轼、辛弃疾等人形成了一个风格雄健,影响广泛的豪放派。他继承了辛弃疾的革新精神,同时又发展了词的散文化、议论化的特点。同时还是南宋后期的一位贤臣。他爱国爱民,为人正直,为当时的学者所敬仰,为后人所传颂。--(1187-1269)字夫,号后村居士,莆田 (今属福建)人。以荫入仕,淳六年(1246)赐进士出身。官至工部尚书兼侍读。任建阳令时,曾因咏落梅诗遭谗病废十载。诗词多感慨时事之作,渴望收复中原,振兴国力,反对妥协苟安。是南宋江湖诗人和辛派词人的重要作家。词风粗豪肆放,慷慨激越,有明显的散文化、议论化倾向。代表作有《贺新郎・送陈子华赴真州》、《沁园春・梦孚若》、《玉楼春・戏呈林节推乡史》等。著有《后村先生大全集》、《后村别调》。主要作品有:贺新郎(北望神州路)沁园春(何处相逢)玉楼春(年年跃马长安市)清平乐(风高浪快)
晏殊 晏殊:(991-1055),北宋词人。字同叔,抚州临川(今属江西)人。景德中赐同进士出身。庆历中官至集贤殿大学士、同中书门下平章事兼淑密使。谥元献。其词擅长小令,多表现诗酒生活和悠闲情致,语言婉丽,颇受南唐冯延已的影响。《浣溪沙》中“无可奉告花落去,似曾相似燕归来”二句,传诵颇广。原有集,已散佚,仅存《珠玉词》及清人所辑《晏元献遗文》。又编有类书《类要》,今存残本。(《辞海》1989年版)--(991-1055)字同叔,抚州临川(今江西抚州)人。景德二年(1005)以神童召试,赐同进士出身。仁宗时,官至同中书门下平章事兼枢密使。当时名臣范仲淹、富弼、欧阳修和词人张先等,均出其门。卒谥元献,世称晏元献。诗属“西昆体”,词风承袭五代冯延巳,闲雅而有情思,语言婉丽,音韵谐和。其《浣溪沙》“无可奈何花落去,似曾相识燕归来”一联,以属对工巧流利著称。有《珠玉词》。主要作品有:浣溪沙(一曲新词酒一杯)浣溪沙(一向年光有限身)蝶恋花(槛菊愁烟兰泣露)清平乐(金风细细)清平乐(红笺小字)踏莎行(祖席离歌)踏莎行(小径红稀)破阵子(燕子来时新社)玉楼春(绿杨芳草长亭路)
晏几道 晏几道:(1030?―1106?),字叔原,号小山,抚州临川(今江西抚州)人。晏殊第七子,能文善词,与其父齐名。其词受五代艳词影响而又兼“花间”之长,多抒写人生失意之苦与男女悲欢离合之情,以小令见长,工于言情,语言清新,曲折轻婉。。晚年家境中落,其词多感伤情调。有《小山词》。--(约1040-约1112)字叔原,号小山,抚州临川(今江西抚州)人。晏殊第七子。曾监颍昌府许田镇。一生仕途不利,家道中落,然个性耿介,不肯依傍权贵,文章亦自立规模。工令词,多追怀往昔欢娱之作,情调感伤,风格婉丽。有《小山词》传世。主要作品有:临江仙(斗草阶前初见)临江仙(梦后楼台高锁)蝶恋花(醉别西楼醒不记)蝶恋花(梦入江南烟水路)鹧鸪天(彩袖殷勤捧玉钟)鹧鸪天(小令尊前见玉箫)木兰花(秋千院落重帘暮)阮郎归(天边金掌露成霜)
元好问 元好问:(1190――1257)字欲之,忻州人,金时杰出的文学家。元好问年轻时,正值蒙古军南侵,山西各地兵荒马乱,他带着母亲,逃到河南。残酷的生活现实和颠沛流离的遭遇,给元好问以深刻的影响。他初步了解了社会和人民,开始创作一些反映现实,诅咒战争的诗歌。同时,写下了《论诗绝句》30首,对魏晋以来的诗歌作了系统的批评,在文学批评上享有很高的地位。金亡后,元好问避居家乡,专事著述。他痛感国破家亡的痛苦,满怀悲愤写下了大量优秀的现实主义诗篇。另外,他还著有《中州集》、《壬辰杂编》等史书。元人撰写金史,多取材于此。--
赵佶 赵佶:(1082-1135) 即宋徽宗,神宗之子,哲宗时封端王。1100-1125年在位。任用蔡京、童贯等人主持国政,穷奢极欲,兴建苑囿宫观,滥增捐税,以致国政日堕,河北、两浙等地都爆发了农民起义。宣和七年(1125)金兵南下,年底,传位与赵桓(钦宗),自称太上皇。靖康二年(1127)被金兵所俘,后死于五国城(今黑龙江依兰)。在位时广收古物和书画,扩充翰林图画院,并使文臣编辑《宣和书谱》、《宣和画谱》、《宣和博古图》等书,对绘画艺术有很大的推动和倡导作用。吹弹、书画、声歌、词赋无不精擅。书法方面自创“瘦金体”。平生著作极多,都散佚无存。存世画迹有《芙蓉锦鸡》、《池塘秋晚》、《四禽》、《雪江归棹》等图。有词集《宋徽宗词》。--(1082-1135)即宋徽宗。公元1100-1125年在位。靖康二年(1127),为金人所俘,死于五国城(今黑龙江依兰)。书、画、词皆善。有曹元忠辑本《宋徽宗词》。主要作品有:燕山亭(北行见杏花)
韦庄 韦庄:(836―910)字端己,长安杜陵(今西安)人乾进士,此前曾漫游各地。曾任校书郎、左补阙等职。后入蜀,为王建掌书记。王氏建立前蜀,他做过宰相。终于蜀。他的诗词都很著名,诗极富画意,词尤工。与温庭筠同为“花间”重要词人,有《浣花集》。--(约836-910)字端己,京兆杜凌(今陕西西安东南)人。乾宁元年(894)进士,任校书郎。后仕蜀,官吏部侍郎兼平章事。在成都时,曾居杜甫草堂故址,故名其集曰《浣花集》。词与温庭筠齐名,称温、韦。然风格有别。韦能运密入疏,寓浓于淡,多用白描手法写闺情离愁和游乐生活,语言清丽。词存五十五首,在《花间集》、《尊前集》、《金奁集》中,今有王国维辑《浣花词》一卷。主要作品有:菩萨蛮(红楼别夜堪惆怅)菩萨蛮(人人尽说江南好)菩萨蛮(如今却忆江南乐)菩萨蛮(洛阳城里春光好)谒金门(春雨足)女冠子(四月十七)
蒋捷 蒋捷:(生卒年不详)字胜欲,号竹山,阳羡(今江苏宜兴)人,咸淳十年进士。长于词,与周密、王沂孙、张炎并称“宋末四大家”。其词多抒发故国之思、山河之恸 、风格多样,而以悲凉清俊、萧寥疏爽为主。尤以造语奇巧之作,在宋季词坛上独标一格。有《竹山词》。--字胜欲,号竹山,阳羡(今江苏宜兴)人。咸淳十年(1274)进士。宋亡不仕。颇有追昔伤今之词,词语尖新动人。有《竹山词》。主要作品有:贺新郎(浪涌孤亭起)女冠子(蕙花香也)女冠子(一片春愁待酒浇)虞美人(少年听雨歌楼上)
王沂孙 王沂孙:(约1230~约1291),字圣与,号碧山,又号中仙,家住玉笥山,亦号玉笥山人,南宋会稽人。善文词,广交游,同代周密称其“结客千金,醉春双玉”(《踏莎行・题中仙词卷》)。元兵入会稽,杨琏真珈掘宋帝六陵,沂孙与唐珏、周密等结吟社,赋《乐府补题》,托意莲、蝉诸物,寄托亡国之恸。元世祖至元(1271~1294)中,一度出为庆元路学正。晚年往来杭州、绍兴间。工词,风格接近周邦彦,含蓄深婉,如《花犯・苔梅》之类。其清峭处,又颇似姜夔,张炎说他“琢语峭拔,有白石意度”。尤以咏物为工,代表作有《齐天乐・蝉》、《水龙吟・白莲》等,皆善于体会物象以寄托感慨。其词章法缜密,是一位有显著艺术个性的词家。词集《碧山乐府》,一称《花外集》,收词60余首。--(?-约1289)字圣与,号碧山、中仙、玉笥山人,会稽(今浙江绍兴)人。入元,任庆元路(治所在今浙江鄞县)学正。词多咏物,间寓家国之恸。有《花外集》(一名《碧山乐府》)。主要作品有:眉妩(渐新痕悬柳)水龙吟(晓霜初著青林)齐天乐(一襟馀恨宫魂断)高阳台(残雪庭阴)长亭怨慢(泛孤艇)
张炎 张炎:(1248-1320?),字叔夏,号玉田,晚号乐笑翁。先世凤翔(今陕县名),寓居临安(今浙江杭州)。六世祖张俊为南渡功臣,封循王。父张枢,精音律,与周密为结社词友。张炎前半生在贵族家庭中度过。宋亡以后,家道中落,贫难自给,曾北游燕赵谋官,失意南归,落拓而终。有《山中白云词》,存词约三百首。张炎为词主张"清空"、"骚雅",倾慕周邦彦、姜夔而贬抑吴文英。他的词多写个人哀怨并长于咏物,常以清空之笔,写沦落之悲,带有鲜明的时代印记。因他精通音律,审音拈韵,细致入微,遣词造句,流丽清畅,时有精警之处。但由于他过分追求局部的诗情画意,在整体构思上不免失之空疏,故境界开阔而又立意甚高者并不多见。张炎是最早的词论家,著有《词源》一书。在论述乐律部分,书中保存了有关乐词的丰富资料,是一部有权威性的理论专著。他的创作主张,强调艺术感受、艺术想象与艺术形式,有许多经验之谈,至今尚可参考,但其观点带有门户之见,难免有偏颇之处。张炎的创作和词论对后世均有深远影响,清代许多词人都尊崇张炎,把他和姜夔并称。主要代表作品有《南浦》《高阳台》、《月下笛》、《解连环》、《甘州》等。--(1248-1314后)字叔夏,号玉田、乐笑翁,先世成纪(今甘肃天水)人,寓居临安(今浙江杭州)。张俊后裔,枢之子。宋亡,其家亦破,元至元二十七年(1290)北游元都,失意南归。晚年在浙东、苏州一带漫游,与周密、王沂孙为词友。其词用字工巧,追求典雅。早年多写贵族公子的优游生活,后期多追怀往昔。又曾从事词学研究,对词的音律、技巧、风格均有论述。著有《词源》、《山中白云词》(又名《玉田词》)。主要作品有:高阳台(接叶巢莺)八声甘州(辛卯岁)清平乐(采芳人杳)解连环(楚江空晚)朝中措(清明时节雨声哗)
陈亮 陈亮:(1143~1194)南宋政治家、哲学家、词人。字同有,号龙川,后改名同,永康人。才气超逸,下笔数千言立“就、关心国家大事,古今用兵,好言“霸王大略,兵机利害”,著《酌古论》,遍交一时豪杰。陈亮的词,慷慨激昂,风格豪放。如《水调歌头・送章德茂大卿使》:“…当场只手,毕竟还我万夫雄。……万里腥檀如许,千古英灵安在,磅礴几时通。胡运何须问,赫日自当中。”表现了一生力主北伐的政治抱负。他的政论更是笔锋犀利,气象万千。他曾启许:“至于堂堂之阵,正正之旗,风雨云雷交发而井至,龙蛇虎豹变现而出没,推倒一世之智勇,开拓万古之心胸,自谓差有一日之长。”著作有《龙川文集》、《龙川词》等传世。--(1143-1194)字同甫,号龙川,婺州永康 (今属浙江)人。绍熙四年(1193)进士。授签书建康府判官厅公事,未赴而卒。亮曾力主抗金,反对和议,遭忌被诬入狱。为人才气超迈,喜谈兵,议论风生。文章气势纵横,笔锋犀利。词作感情激越,风格豪放,多议论,与辛弃疾相唱和。有《龙川文集》《龙川词》。主要作品有:水调歌头(不见南师久)念奴娇(危楼远望)水龙吟(闹花深处层楼)
史达祖 史达祖:(1163?―1220?)字邦卿,号梅溪,汴(今河南开封)人。尤其善于咏物,刻划精工,形神兼备,在当时极负感名。姜夔称其词“奇秀清逸,有李长吉之韵。盖能融情景于一家,会句意于两得。”(《花庵词选》引)有“梅溪词”。--字邦卿,号梅溪,汴(今河南开封)人。尝为韩胄堂吏,韩败,坐受黥刑。其词多抒写闲情逸致,用笔尖巧,追求细腻工致,以咏物真著称,亦有少数感慨国事的篇什,有《梅溪词》传世。主要作品有:绮罗香(做冷欺花)双双燕(过春社了)三姝媚(烟光摇缥瓦)秋霁(江水苍苍)
温庭筠 温庭筠:(约812 ― 约870),本名岐,字飞卿,太原祁(今山 西祁县)人。唐宰相温彦博后代。早年才思敏捷,以词赋知名,然屡试不第,客游淮间。宣宗朝试宏辞,代人作赋,以扰乱科场,贬为隋县尉。后襄阳刺史署为巡官,授检校员外郎,不久离开襄阳,客于江陵。懿宗时曾任方城尉,官终国子助教。诗词工于体物,设色丽,有声调色彩之美。吊古行旅之作感慨深切,气韵清新,犹存风骨。--主要作品有:菩萨蛮(小山重叠金明灭)菩萨蛮(水精帘里颇黎枕)菩萨蛮(玉楼明月长相忆)菩萨蛮(宝函钿雀金)更漏子(柳丝长)更漏子(玉炉香)梦江南(千万恨)望江南(梳洗罢)河传(湖上)
冯延巳 冯延巳: (903--960)又名延嗣,字正中,广陵(今扬州)人。宋初《钓矶立谈》评其“学问渊博,文章颖发,辩说纵横”作为词人,他虽受花间词影响,多写男女离别相思之情但词风不像花间词那样浓艳雕琢而以清丽多彩和委婉情深为其特色,有时感伤气息较浓,形成一种哀伤美。其词集名《阳春集》。--主要作品有:鹊踏枝(谁道闲情抛弃久)鹊踏枝(几日行云何处去)鹊踏枝(六曲阑干偎碧树)采桑子(花前失却游春侣)清平乐(雨晴烟晚)谒金门(风乍起)南乡子(细雨湿流光)

Song Poetry List

Author Poem title Text
Wang Yi There are ten poems recorded during the Jin Dynasty and Yuan Dynasty’s visit to the ancestral court, and then one of them was filled with emotion at the special moment and nine poems written by Yuan Yishan The farmers do not know the power of the emperor, so how can they use dian and mo. However, after surrendering, his temperament is divided into wise and foolish. Tianxi, Confucius and Mengshi, one whole is more than enough. Kuzai Zou Lu's land is good enough to accommodate Xuan's chariot. The emperor's seventy kingdoms are full of traces. Who would have thought that for a hundred generations, he would become a Confucian scholar. The palms and buttocks are used to make magic weapons, but they are abandoned like this. Then the land of Tongzi was turned into thorns. The dark forest is afraid of greedy food, so I come to the corner with a candle. If you can ask Wu Xian, please give me the beginning.
Wang Yi There are ten poems about Jin Yu and Yuan Yishan who came to pay homage to the ancestral court, and then they sang songs with special emotions one after another and ten poems about Yuan Yishan People are only kings and teachers, and they are in heaven and earth. The wasps and ants have lost their owners and will never survive. He is still thirsty every day, and Gu Ying is sad for the rest of his life. Throughout my life, I have always had a heart in Donglu, looking up at the sages with a bright head. For two thousand years, I have been observing the relics. It's a pity that Mozi's imagining is just a false legend. Ten chapters are summarized, including the complete chapter and the remaining chapter. The loyal intestines stir up the sunflower paint, and the throat thorns cannot bear to speak. Holding the carved stone, how can it be easy to do?
Wang Yi A poem with Du Shaoling looking at the mountains Feng Chan seventy-two, eternal things are not over yet. As soon as the two rituals are opened, the three views are dimmed. Since the ancestral dragon came in the past, now the phoenix bird sings. I have tried to climb Dongshan Mountain, but Lu is not a small person.
Wang Yi A poem with Li Taibai and Taishan Mount Tai is the end of the world, and the Pass of the Sages of Zoulu. Zhou Za is two thousand miles away, and Zhuoran is in the middle of it. Five texts are combined with Sishui, and there are no competing mountains in the eight deserts. Helping Yu Qing Shu Yun, day and night are never free. Nishan is connected to Yifu, but there are only green and floating servant girls. Xuanyuan and Xihao are like Confucius and Mencius. When all the righteousness comes out, it is so high that it can be achieved.
Wang Yi He Yuanyi Mountain Taishan Ancient Sentences I came to pay homage to Zou Lu and boated across Gefeng Terrace. Climbing the mountains and looking up to the Eastern Mongolia, I think I am very high. As for climbing to the top of the East Mountain, it is really difficult to reach the heavenly level. The rivers are leaking, and the mausoleums are collapsing. I have learned a lot since I was young, and I have learned well. Sages and sages are divided into different positions, and their talents are based on their abilities. Having awakened on the road, I picked the moss on the stele along the cliff. The seventy-two kings are pitiful and misguided. The prince coaxes the ant nest, and the king's rest has no limit. Thirty-six hundred issues, how many times will it be cured? Youzai's posthumous history, chat with you during his lifetime. A large body, polite and windy. Once the magical power is restrained, it neither goes nor comes. Test the poisonous surface of the pavilion, the peak of Dai is slightly red. The iron-handled basket is secure, and the urn is piled up in a protruding pile. Up and down endlessly, relieved and free. When I go down the mountain in the clearing day, my shoes are hung on Tianmen. Golden boys and beautiful girls lined the streets to welcome you, Luan bells, phoenixes and red clouds bloomed. When Dao meets Ming Fu and Shou Dao, they put their arms around their shoulders and join hands in singing Cui Wei. If you want to see the day, please ride on a yellow swan and go up to the colorless sky. Emperor Cangwu's son was facing him, and suddenly he was lying on top in chaos, Zhen Penglai.
Wang Yi And Zhao Ruolun’s old title Duojinglou The earth, mountains and rivers merge into Kyushu, and the autumn wind brings home nostalgia. Luoshan slowly emerges from the clouds, and the Han River patrols far away. Looking to the east is Hailian Ganlu Temple, and to the north is Zhenjiang Tower full of poetry. Jintai is thousands of miles away from Tianmen, and I want to ask Dongjinwen to get on the boat.
Wang Yi He Luo Jun’s poem is again titled Duojinglou The hero groans when he is old, and there is no need to look for the deer to turn into a horse. Death, life, longevity, eternal life, ordering chaos, survival and death, God's heart. The tomb is surrounded by mountains to the west, and the sea is deep to the east. Seeing through the paintings in the kangaroo before your eyes, you can only recognize the Ganges River.
Wang Yi The rhyme of the multi-view building with Lu Zhai Zhai When the Qi pulses of Qian and Kun are connected together, Mi Tian doesn’t choose the middle. It has been the same for tens of millions of kalpas, but how could it happen in a hundred and eighty years? The heroes of Beigu went to ancient times, and the literature of the Central Plains came later. Lao Huai feels happy when he climbs here, and the sunset is full of purple smoke.
Wang Yi Tibei Guting Lao Du knew the legacy of his hatred and fought with the sky to ridicule the Han Dynasty to death. Fu Li still recalled three days, and Lao Ji felt empty and sad for a while. The past events have passed away with the east, and the new titles are all poems from the north. Nowadays, there are many scenes of wine in the building, so that the princes will not be separated from the millet.
Wang Yi Ti Jiaoshan Suijiang Pavilion In the 3600th period of Jiazi, when will the peaks of this mountain rise? Swallowing the golden lion of Haidu, dominating the Iron Jian'er of Wu gate. The water mirror reflects the hatred of the Three Kingdoms in the sky, and the waves break through the sorrow of the Six Dynasties. Later, there were endless things, leaving it to another year to compose poems.
Wang Yi Ti Jiaoshan guest position Lock the iron door of the Yangtze River, and the sails and the sea of ​​clouds are almost dim. Nengyi Buddhist Mian ruins and great victory over Jiao Jiayu and Houkun. The bones of the crane have been affixed by the Immortal Xi, and the body of the Ao has not moved and the rice stele remains. It is said that Manjusri Seal was obtained from the mountain, and Zhemo's predecessor was Liaoyuan.
Wang Yi Title Jinshan Jinao Pavilion Who makes a red furnace and forges a sword, opens up Tai Chi and lays a golden turtle. The tail shakes the light of the mountains and the stars turn, carrying the labor of the sun and the moon on its back. The ebb and flow bring forth the breath, the sails come and go and move the hair. I don’t know how many times I have turned over at this time when I was traveling between north and south.
Wang Yi Book Zhao Zhongjing Gong Ancestral Hall The old minister will surrender to Xianling and support the expansion of the Huaijiang River for fifty years. If you don't move the gully boat in the middle of the night, you won't be able to respond to the Qi Kingdom falling into the sky. The father is not ashamed of Zhuge, and the son is ashamed of Zhonglian. Father and brother are here with their honor and fame, and they are rubbing their hands with each other.
Wang Yi To Yangzhou When the immortals are gone and the flowers are no longer at their roots, who cares about the bright moon under Jinqiao. He has served as Jiang Fanhan for more than a hundred years and Jihumen for more than ten years. The old eyes at the top of Huaihai Tower, the souls of the six armies outside Pingshan Hall. I am worried that Wu Chukong has left behind him, and there is no one to write history. The years are dim.
Wang Yi Ti Weiyang Having been traveling to Fujian and Ou for half my life, I owed this trip thirty years ago. The barefooted ones have the heart to respect the state of Lu, but the old ones are powerless to contribute to Yangzhou. There is a new market in Hua Ming Shoes Lane, and there is an old watchtower in the dark corner of the city. There is nothing inferior on the bridge, for whom are the plum blossoms and bright moon left?
Wang Yi Climbing Huanglong Peak The top of Huanglong Peak is as high as the sky, looking down at the world of hedgehogs. Kunye failed to stop the bloody battle, who in Dinghu fell in love with Wu Hao again. A cup of Pengli is full of tears, and the Yangtze River is full of roaring waves. Ande rides the qiu whip and thunders, and rises and turns the sea to wash away the fishy smell.
Wang Yi Inscribed on the Temple of the Two Immortals of Tao and Di The large character of the monument is very famous, and it is dedicated to Yuanming and Diliang. Everything in the universe is my own, and the righteousness of the king and his ministers is also inherent in nature. Peng Ze, who retired as an official, should remain in the Jin Dynasty, and he took Yu Yuan to join the Tang Dynasty. Naturally, future generations have no far-sightedness and do not know the stench and fragrance.
Wang Yi Pengzexin County Jingjie Temple I have quarried stones to study poetry and immortality, and worshiped Shuyan to recommend chrysanthemum springs. The fire head in Jingkou just took the ride, and the chai mulberry virgin returned to his fields. The name of the galloping car is combined with that of all the public servants, and the corpse is dedicated to the person who will be a sage for hundreds of generations. In modern times, the righteousness of people's death was calmly passed down by the two Yin brothers.
Wang Yi One of the Four Wonders of Zhouyue Lake The sun and moon in the pill have passed wonderfully, and only three thousand six hundred periods have passed. The moonlight and wind are endlessly hidden, and there should be no small dark circles.
Wang Yi The second of the four wonders of Zhouyue Lake It is difficult to put on makeup without shaving eyebrows, and the main clothes are still in the suitcase. From the beginning, all the territory and the world are in the Zhou Dynasty, and only the Western Mountains still belong to the Shang Dynasty.
Wang Yi The third of the four wonders of Zhouyue Lake You live at Shanyang Port, where the sailing and rain post flies away. In the past ten years, many visitors from Jintai have visited Siyi along the way.
Wang Yi Four of the Four Wonders of Zhouyue Lake The grass tape sticks to the sky and only the stars can be seen, and the fire tower is turned into a postal booth. Many envoys came from Liuqiao Meiyi Station, but they only sent me the scripture of raising cranes in the mountains.
Wang Yi Quelles of Helin Temple It should be the azalea with a smile on its face. How can the fire-headed emperor be so fruitful? Duke Yuan was full of spring wine, so he killed Tao Qian and refused to come.
Wang Yi Inscribed on Diliang Gong Temple in Pengzejiu County On the thin line between Zhou Ji and Tang Gang, it is easy to turn the Qian but difficult to turn the Qian. If you don't bring your nephew to the temple to speak eloquently, how can your ancestors be able to live in peace again? State affairs must be decided by the elders, and monuments of virtue should be left for ministers to see. Message to Peng Ze: Those who are close to the people must learn to be good people and good officials.
Wang Yi Ti Xiao Suan Ling The west wind makes the wheat flowers cool, and I appreciate the new poems again. Birds don't like people's voices, and the road is too long because there are no post stations. A century old man with white hair and no time, two years old with a smile on his face in a foreign land. Go back to Jade Prison and close your door. Don't teach the old name to be fragrant.
Wang Yi Feelings on the way home When I was young, I studied Lu Shu as a teacher, and I covered my scrolls several times and thought about Feng Yu. I have to travel to the land of the sages and sages of Zou and Lu, who will create moral confusion among the Chinese and barbarians? Although the terrain has clutches, the heels should not be blurred. I don’t know that Jiang Youming, a scholar of the Ming Dynasty, once knew that there were no words for Spring and Autumn.
Wang Yi Ti Chizhou Post Office The pearls in the post office are flowing with the northern swallows, and there are a few cicadas in the westerly wind and the setting sun. Tang Yi Han ordered the stele to go up and down, and the Chu Guan Qin post came first after the world. Xinliu doesn't know what's going on, so he chats about fate by sending letters. Nowadays, all the pavilion chiefs are Min Yin, and Fu Yuanqiao has been appointed as editor.
Wang Yi In September Shentu Boji drank together to celebrate Zhang Chiyou's tomb Chiyou had a dream for four thousand years, but Zhuolu is no different now. The hanging wire on the fence is lowered again, and the rotten bones of the grass gate are still sleeping high. The rise of the black rabbit and the sinking of the rabbit are present and ancient, and the magpie and the cicada will be remembered first. I planted yellow flowers for a smile when I was drunk, but I didn't know that the guest was Qiao Xian.
Wang Yi Inscribed on the wall of Ren'an Hall of Mount Tai In what year was the birth of the emperor's grandson in Daji, who lived in the Qiankun of Daiyue Town. During the Ming Dynasty, which spanned more than three thousand years, seventy-two kings came to the throne. The topography of Ludian is Qiu Xiong, with Qin pines, Han cypresses protecting the sky gate. The incense and incense will linger even if the soldiers are still in dust, and the life span of thousands of miles of travel will be one yuan.
Wang Yi Two poems on the pillow in Xinzhou, Part 1 After paying homage to Nishan, what else can I ask for? It’s a grand tour to the Central Plains. Watch the sunrise from the top of Taidai Peak and watch the river outside Wenyang City. Towards Chiyou's Tomb in Yinkan County, and in the evening I was drunk at Taibai Tower in Xinzhou. From now on, there is no need to remove the gray hair, and the gulls are left to sleep on the river.

List of Song Poetry Authors

Name Introduction
Song Taizu Zhao Kuangyin (927-976), Taizu of the Song Dynasty, was a native of Zhuozhou (now part of Hebei Province). Born in Luoyang. In the first year of Qianyou of the Later Han Dynasty (948), the privy envoy Guo Wei challenged Li Shouzhen and recruited him as a subordinate. In the later Zhou Dynasty, during the Xiande period, he conquered Huainan and Shouchun, and accumulated meritorious service until he reached the commanding envoy in front of the palace, the Jiedu envoy of the Yicheng Army, and was changed to the Jiedu Envoy of the Zhongwu Army. In the sixth year of Xiande's reign (959), he was promoted to the imperial tutor of the school and inspected in front of the palace. After Emperor Gong came to the throne, he was transferred to the Imperial Military Academy and became the military governor of the German Army. In the spring of the seventh year, the Chenqiao mutiny was launched, and he became emperor, the country was named Song, and was changed to Yuan Jianlong (960). Then he put down the rebellion of Li Jun and Li Chongjin. In the first year of Qiande (963), Jinghu was pacified; in the third year, Hou Shu was pacified. In the second year of Kaibao (969), he personally conquered the Northern Han Dynasty; in the fourth year, he conquered the Southern Han Dynasty; in the eighth year, he conquered the Southern Tang Dynasty. Reigned for seventeen years. He died in the winter of October of the ninth year of Kaibao, at the age of fifty. In the second year of Emperor Taizong's reign of Taiping and Xingguo (977), he was buried in Yongchang Mausoleum. The matter can be found in Volumes 1 to 3 of "History of the Song Dynasty" and "Taizu Ji".
Xing Kuixun Xing Kuexun was a native of Yun'anjian, Kuizhou (now Fengjie, Sichuan), and one said he was from Chengdu (now Sichuan). After serving as an official in Shu, he became a minister of the Ministry of Industry and knew Jianzhou. After entering the Song Dynasty, he was granted the title of Concubine You. In the fifth year of Taizu's Kaibao reign (972), he served as a marching Sima for the Zhenguo army. He died in his nineties. There are biographies in Volume 479 of "History of the Song Dynasty" and Volume 54 of "Ten Kingdoms Spring and Autumn Period". I have recorded three poems today.
Zhu Cun Zhu Cun was from Jinling (now Nanjing, Jiangsu). During the period of Baoda in the Southern Tang Dynasty, he wrote 200 chapters of "Lan Gu Shi" based on the stories of Emperor Wu and the rise and fall of the Six Dynasties. "History of Song Dynasty·Yiwenzhi" records it as two volumes of "Jinling Reading Ancient Poems". Volume 17 of "Yudi Jisheng" quotes his poems and calls them "poems of this dynasty", indicating that Zhu was still alive after the Song Dynasty. There is a biography in Volume 29 of "Ten Kingdoms Spring and Autumn". There are sixteen poems recorded today.
Shi Deshao Shi Deshao (890-971), whose common surname was Chen and whose courtesy name was Huizhou (Volume 35 of "Jiading Chicheng Chronicle"), was from Longquan, Chuzhou (now part of Zhejiang). It is said that Jinyun, Chuzhou ( Today he belongs to Zhejiang) (Volume 13 of "The Biography of Eminent Monks of the Song Dynasty"). He lived in Tiantai Mountain and was called the Master of Deshao. In the first year of Qianyou of the Later Han Dynasty (948), Qian Chu, King Zhongyi of Wu and Yue, came to the throne and invited Deshao to be his disciple. Song Taizu died in the fourth year of Kaibao's reign, one says he died in the fifth year (same as above), at the age of eighty-two. There is a biography in Volume 25 of "Jingde Zhuan Deng Lu". Now I record one verse and one verse.
Shi Zhiduan Shi Zhiduan (892-969), whose common surname was Yu, was from Fuzhou (now Fujian). He studied at Nanjian Temple. Lives in Ruifengyuan, Linyangshan, Fuzhou. Song Taizu Kaibao died in the second year of his life (Volume 10 of "The Biography of Zen Forest Monk Bao") at the age of seventy-eight. There is a biography in Volume 22 of "Jingde Zhuan Deng Lu".
Li Tao Li Tao (898-961), courtesy name Xinchen, was born in Jingzhao Wannian (now Xi'an, Shaanxi). He lived in Hunan with his father to avoid trouble. In the later Tang Dynasty, Mingzong Tiancheng became the first Jinshi. He served as an official in the Later Tang, Later Jin, Later Han, and later Zhou dynasties. He served as Minister of the Ministry of Punishment and the Ministry of Household Affairs, and was granted the title of Duke of Ju. Entering the Song Dynasty, he worshiped the Minister of War. Taizu Jianlong died in the second year of his reign, at the age of sixty-four. There is a biography in Volume 262 of "History of the Song Dynasty". There are eight poems recorded today.
Chen Tuan Chen Tuan (? ~ 989), whose courtesy name is Tunan, who calls himself Fuyaozi, and is known as Mr. Baiyun, was born in Zhenyuan, Bozhou (now Luyi, Henan). During the reign of Emperor Mingzong of the later Tang Dynasty, he was not promoted to Jinshi, so he lived in Wudang Mountain for more than 20 years. He also moved to Yuntai Temple in Huashan Mountain and stopped at Shaohua Stone Chamber. Later Zhou called him to advise the officials, but he refused. When Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty came to Beijing for peace and rejuvenation, he was given the title Mr. Xiyi. Duangong died in the second year of his reign. There are more than 600 poems, which have been lost. There is a biography in Volume 457 of "History of the Song Dynasty". There are sixteen poems recorded today.
Shan Shan, a prostitute in Chengdu. At the same time as Chen Tuan, I saw the first two volumes of "Shihua Zonggui".
Shi Qiankang Shi Qiankang was born in Lingling (now Hunan). Qi Ji is known for his good poetry. During Taizu's Qiande reign, he met Wang Shen, the governor of Yongzhou, with a poem (Volume 11 of the first volume of "Shi Hua Zong Gui"). I have recorded three poems today.
Ji Faqian Shi Faqian, whose common surname was Shi, was from Quanzhou (now part of Fujian). Live in Longshouyuan. He is the ninth generation of Qingyuan and the heir of Zen Master Longshouyi. The matter can be found in Volume 8 of "Wu Deng Hui Yuan".
Shi Guangyuan Shi Guangyuan lived in Hedong (now Yongji, Shanxi). In the ninth life of Qingyuan, he was the heir of Zen master Long Jixiu. The matter can be found in Volume 8 of "Wu Deng Hui Yuan".
Ye Jian Ye Jian was from Shan (now Shengxian County, Zhejiang Province). Entering the Song Dynasty from Wu Yue, he was famous for his divination (Volume 18 of "Neng Gaizhai Man Lu"). Qian Liu, the king of Wu and Yue, once lived in Muzhong (Volume 88 of "Ten Kingdoms Spring and Autumn"). Today I have recorded three fortune-telling poems.
Nie Chongyi Nie Chongyi was born in Luoyang (now part of Henan). After serving as an official in the Han Dynasty and the Later Zhou Dynasty, he moved to the imperial family and became a doctor of Taichang. In the third year of Jianlong's reign (962), Emperor Taizu of the Song Dynasty, he was appointed as an academic official and published in "Three Rituals". Not long after, he died. "History of the Song Dynasty" Volume 431 contains Fu.
Yang Zhaojian Yang Zhaojian (902-977), courtesy name Zhongbao, was born in Jingzhao Chang'an (now Xi'an, Shaanxi). In the later Tang Dynasty, Mingzong Changxing became a Jinshi. He served as an official in the Later Tang, Later Jin, and later Zhou dynasties, and was a scholar of Zhongshushe and a bachelor of Hanlin. In the second year of Kaibao's reign (969), Taizu of the Song Dynasty, he worked for Prince Zhan. In six years, he became official as Minister of the Ministry of Industry. Taizong died in the second year of Taiping and Xingguo's reign, at the age of seventy-six. There is a biography in Volume 269 of "History of the Song Dynasty". I’ve recorded two poems today.
Shi Tonghui Shi Tonghui, the ninth generation under Qingyuan, is the heir of Zen Master Qingliangyi, and he respects and respects Zen Master Tonghui. Lived in Prajna Temple in Taizhou (now Linhai, Zhejiang Province). The matter can be found in Volume 10 of "Wu Deng Hui Yuan".
Taogu Tao Gu (904-971), courtesy name Xiushi, was born in Xinping, Pizhou (now Binxian County, Shaanxi Province). His original surname was Tang, which was changed to avoid the taboo of Shi Jingtang, the founder of the Jin Dynasty. After serving in the Jin, Later Han, and Later Zhou dynasties, he served as a minister in the Ministry of Officers and Soldiers, and in the Ministry of Personnel. In the second year of Jianlong of the Song Dynasty (961), Emperor Taizu of the Song Dynasty transferred it to the Minister of Rites (Volume 4 of "Xuzhi Tongjian Changbian") and Hanlin accepted the decree. In the second year of Qiande (964), he was the official of the Ministry of Civil Affairs and also knew the tribute examination. Cumulatively appointed ministers of the Ministry of Punishment and the Ministry of Household Affairs. He died in December of the third year of Kaibao (see Volume 11 above) at the age of sixty-eight. There is a biography in Volume 269 of "History of the Song Dynasty". I have recorded three poems today.
Fu Zhaoyuan Fu Zhaoyuan was at the same time as Tao Gu (see Volume 2 of Qing Yi Lu).
Shi Yanshou Shi Yanshou (904-975), whose common surname was Wang, whose courtesy name was Zhongxuan (also known as Chongxuan and Chongli), and whose nickname was Baoyizi. A native of Yuhang (now Hangzhou, Zhejiang). When he was the general of Huating Town in the 28th year of his life, he abandoned his official position and became a monk. At the beginning, I paid homage to Zen Master Cuiyan Shen of Longce Temple, and went to look for Master Deshao of Tiantai Mountain. I was deeply impressed by Deshao at first sight. First live in Xuedou Mountain, Mingzhou. In the first year of Taizu's Jianlong reign (960), King Qian Chu of Wuyue invited him to live in the new temple in Lingxiu Mountain. Next year, he moved to Yongming Temple and stayed there for fifteen years. He wrote a lot, including poems and verses that have been praised by thousands of people and have been circulated overseas. The King of Goryeo sent an envoy to write a letter describing the etiquette of his disciples. He died in the eighth year of Kaibao's reign at the age of seventy-two. He was given the title Zen Master Zhijue. Huizong pursued his posthumous title Zongzhao during his reign in Chongning (Volume 70 of Xianchun Lin'an Zhi). Volume 26 of "Jingde Biography of Deng Lu", Volume 28 of "Biography of Eminent Monks of the Song Dynasty", Volume 9 of "Biography of Zen Forest Monks", Volume 10 of "Wu Deng Hui Yuan", Volume 26 of "Buddha Tong Ji", "Shi Shi Ji Gu" There are biographies in Volume 3 of "Lue" and Volume 70 of "Xian Chun Lin'an Zhi". The life-extending poem is based on "Poems of Zen Master Hui Ri Yong Ming Jueshou's Living in the Mountain" (the edition of the Jiangbei Sutra Engraving Department in the 11th year of Guangxu's reign in the Qing Dynasty) as the basis, with reference to the "Anthology of Ancient and Modern Zen Zao" (referred to as "Anthology of Ancient and Modern Zen" compiled by Ming Shi Zhengmian and Shi Xingxing). "Zen Algae Collection"). In addition, some poems and verses were compiled from books such as "Jingde Chuan Deng Lu", "Wudeng Huiyuan", "Selected Poems of Eminent Monks of Zengguang Sheng Song Dynasty", "Jiatai Kuaiji Chronicles" and other books, and are attached at the end of the volume.
Meng Binyu Meng Binyu, whose courtesy name was Guoyi and whose name was Yufengsou (Volume 8 of "Jiangnan Wild Records"), was from Lianzhou (now Guangdong). He became a Jinshi in the ninth year of Tianfu (944) of the Later Jin Dynasty (Wang Yucheng's "Preface to the Poetry Collection of Meng Shuibu"). He was once appointed by the Meng family and worked for Lingling. In the Southern Tang Dynasty, he was granted the Fengcheng Book and moved to Ganyang. Emperor Taizong of the Song Dynasty brought peace and prosperity to the country, and returned to Laolian (the fifth volume of the first volume of "Shihua Zonggui" quoted from "Series of Yayan"). He died at the age of eighty-three. There was "Jin'ao Collection", which has been lost. There is a biography in Volume 23 of "Book of the Southern Tang Dynasty". Here are ten poems recorded.
Jia Jue Jia Jue, courtesy name Zhongbao, was from Nanpi, Cangzhou (now part of Hebei Province). He became a Jinshi in the third year of Tianfu in the Later Jin Dynasty (938). In the first year of Qiande, Emperor Taizu of the Song Dynasty (963), he was sentenced to a certain state in Hunan by a doctor from the Ministry of Punishment (Volume 4 of "Xu Zi Zhi Tong Jian Chang Bian"). Wai Lang, a member of the Zhongshui Department, knew Junyi County. He died at the age of seventy. The matter can be found in the "Jia Huangzhong Biography" in Volume 265 of "History of the Song Dynasty".
Guo Congyi Guo Congyi (909-971) was first from the Shatuo tribe and later came from Taiyuan (now part of Shanxi). His father Shao Gu, who lived in the Tang Dynasty after the Tang Dynasty, gave him the surname Li. At the beginning of Tianfu in the Later Jin Dynasty, his surname was restored to Guo. He served in the Later Tang, Later Jin, Later Han and later Zhou dynasties. After entering the Song Dynasty, he guarded the Zhongshu Order. In the second year of Emperor Qiande's reign (964), he served as the envoy of Yin in Hezhong and the National Protectorate Army. In the second year of Kaibao (969), he was changed to the general of Zuo Jinwu Guard. Over the years, he became an official as the Crown Prince and Grand Master. He died four years later at the age of sixty-three. There is a biography in Volume 252 of "History of the Song Dynasty".
Song Wen Gu Song Wengu was the father of Shi. He became a Jinshi in Tianfu Middle School of the Later Jin Dynasty. He moved to the right to supplement the palace, and became the minister of the Ministry of Industry. The matter can be found in the "Song Gong Shinto Inscriptions" in Volume 8 of "Wuyi New Collection".
Ma Zhigong Ma Zhigong, Emperor Taizong, first entered the secret pavilion when Taiping rejuvenated the country (Volume 23 of "Book of the Southern Tang Dynasty" "Meng Binyu Biography"), and later learned about Jizhou (Volume 5 of the first volume of "Shihua Zonggui").
Tan Yongzhi Tan Yongzhi, Zi Zangyong. He was born in the late Five Dynasties and was good at poetry. After entering the Song Dynasty, his official career was not successful ("Song History" Volume 439 "Zheng Qi Biography"). There is a volume of poems, which has been lost. There are forty poems recorded today.
Nanchang Old Man An old woman from Nanchang, whose name is unknown, came from the Southern Tang Dynasty to the Song Dynasty.
Shi Xuanying Shi Xuanying (910-975), whose common surname was Wu, was from Jinjiang, Quanzhou (now Quanzhou, Fujian). He lived in Baoyuanyuan, Zhangzhou, and was called Zen Master Xuanying Dinghui. Taizu bestowed upon him the title of Master in Purple Clothes. He died in the eighth year of Kaibao's reign at the age of sixty-six. There is a biography in Volume 24 of "Jingde Zhuan Deng Lu".
Hu Yan Hu Yan, named Yunfeng, was originally from Luling (now Ji'an, Jiangxi). Born in Houliang. In the early Song Dynasty, he practiced medicine in Boluo (now part of Guangdong) and settled there. Master Bai Yuchan. The matter can be found in Volume 5 of "Luofu Mountain Chronicles". I’ve recorded two poems today.
Fan Zhi Fan Zhi (911-964), courtesy name Wensu, was born in Zongcheng (now east of Weixian County, Hebei Province). Later Tang Mingzong became a Jinshi in the fourth year of Changxing's reign (933). He served as an official in the Later Jin, Later Han, and later Zhou dynasties, and was granted the title of Duke of Xiao. In the Song Dynasty, in the first year of Jianlong of Taizu (960), Daizhong and Youpushe were added, and they were also ministers and Pingzhangshi (Volume 1 of "Xu Zi Zhi Tong Jian Chang Bian"). In the first year of Qiande (963), he was granted the title of Duke of Lu (ibid., Volume 4). In the second year, he ceased to be the crown prince and tutor. He died at the age of fifty-four. There are thirty volumes of "Fan Lu Gong Ji" (Volume 19 of "Jun Zhai Shu Zhi"), which has been lost. There is a biography in Volume 249 of "History of the Song Dynasty". I’ve recorded two poems today.
Shi Ding Yu Shi Dingyu (? ~ 968), who entered the Song Dynasty during the Five Dynasties, died in the sixth year of Qiande, the ancestor of Taizu. The matter can be seen in Volume 45 of Xianyou County Chronicles written by Tongzhi of the Qing Dynasty.
Sun Guangxian Sun Guangxian (? ~ 968), whose courtesy name was Mengwen and whose name was Baoguangzi, was from Guiping, Lingzhou (now northeast of Renshou, Sichuan). In the third year of Nanping's reign, he served as the deputy envoy of Jingnan Festival, Chaoyilang, and the secretary of the school inspection, and was tested as the censor Zhongcheng. After entering the Song Dynasty, he became the governor of Huangzhou. Taizu died in the sixth year of Qiande. He is the author of "Beimeng Suoyan", "Jingtai Collection", "Juzhai Collection", etc., among which only "Beimeng Suoyan" has been handed down to the world. There are biographies in Volume 483 of "History of the Song Dynasty" and Volume 102 of "Ten Kingdoms Spring and Autumn". There are nine poems recorded today.

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