中国绿色专利分地区统计数据简介

根据知识产权局2018年发布的《中国绿色专利统计报告(2014-2017年)》可知,当前我国的绿色创新活动活跃,绿色专利拥有量逐步提升,截至2017年底,我国绿色专利有效量达13.6万件,在专利申请方面,2014年至2017年,我国绿色专利申请量达24.9万件,年均增速高于我国发明专利整体年均增速3.7个百分点。

作为生态文明的重要内容,绿色创新是我国创新的重点工作。“绿水青山就是金山银山”,我国各地区在追求经济高速发展的同时,也在追求经济转型,将经济发展和绿色发展统筹起来。综合来看,要追求经济的高质量发展,绿色创新是重要引领力量。

CnOpenData在此前已经推出过绿色专利相关数据库,如绿色创新数据、上市公司/工业企业绿色专利及引用被引用数据等,但大都着力于微观层面,在宏观统计方面略有欠缺。此次CnOpenData在中国专利分地区统计数据中提取出绿色专利信息,形成中国绿色专利分地区统计数据,为相关研究助力。

本数据相较于中国专利分地区数据而言,在结构上稍显复杂,这主要是由于绿色分类导致的。IPC分类号作为唯一一个国际通用的专利文献分类和检索工具,可用来识别专利的技术领域。依据IPC分类号,绿色专利共包含7个主分类:废弃物管理类、核电类、交通运输类、能源节约类、农林类、替代能源生产类、行政监管与设计类,一级分类号是归属于主分类下的细则分类,共含39个类别,能够对专利的技术领域进行更为明确的定义,如行政监管与设计类下属的碳/排放交易类、农林类下属的农药替代品等。需要的注意的是,本数据仅包含发明专利及实用新型专利,无外观设计部分。

由此,CnOpenData中国绿色专利分地区统计数据划分发明申请、发明授权两阶段,并以绿色专利的主分类和一级分类为统计标准分别进行处理,在此基础上又区分了省份、城市表,结构详细,收放自如,满足多维度的数据统计需求。


数据特点

  • 依据2020年行政区域代码,按照省份及城市分别进行地区划分,并以月份为最小统计单位覆盖我国34个省级行政区域(包括23个省、5个自治区、4个直辖市、2个特别行政区),对全国绿色专利申请和绿色专利授权数据进行了细致统计。
  • 除了识别专利第一申请人的详细地址外,本数据库还精准识别了其它专利申请人地址并予以区分。
  • 若一项专利包含多个IPC分类号,本数据库对所有IPC分类号均进行识别,区分其所在的绿色专利分类,并统计在相应的主分类和一级分类下。

时间区间

1985-2020.12.31

数据结构展示

绿色专利分地区统计数据

数据库应用指南

CnOpenData听说有人想知道IPC分类号是啥意思
WIPO: 绿色专利分类标准


字段展示

中国各省份绿色专利申请/授权表-基于主分类中国各城市绿色专利申请/授权表-基于主分类中国各省份绿色专利申请/授权表-基于一级分类中国各城市绿色专利申请/授权表-基于一级分类
省份代码省份代码省份代码省份代码
省份省份省份省份
申请/授权年份城市代码申请/授权年份城市代码
申请/授权月份城市申请/授权月份城市
绿色专利主分类申请/授权年份绿色专利主分类申请/授权年份
发明专利申请/授权数量申请/授权月份绿色专利一级子分类申请/授权月份
实用新型专利申请/授权数量绿色专利主分类发明专利申请/授权数量绿色专利主分类
发明专利申请/授权数量实用新型专利申请/授权数量绿色专利一级子分类
实用新型专利申请/授权数量发明专利申请/授权数量
实用新型专利申请/授权数量

样本数据

由于表格众多,本页仅作专利申请部分展示

中国各省份绿色专利申请表-按主分类统计

省份代码省份申请年份申请月份绿色专利主分类发明专利申请数量实用新型专利申请数量
31上海市19921ENERGY CONSERVATION12
31上海市19921WASTE MANAGEMENT11
31上海市19923WASTE MANAGEMENT11
31上海市19924TRANSPORTATION11
31上海市19926WASTE MANAGEMENT11
31上海市19927WASTE MANAGEMENT34
31上海市19928ENERGY CONSERVATION13
31上海市19928WASTE MANAGEMENT14
31上海市20063TRANSPORTATION710
31上海市20063WASTE MANAGEMENT2717
31上海市20064ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS141
31上海市20064ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION3516
31上海市20064ENERGY CONSERVATION2417
31上海市20064NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION32
31上海市20064TRANSPORTATION109
31上海市20072ENERGY CONSERVATION1415
31上海市20072NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION14
31上海市20072TRANSPORTATION16
31上海市20072WASTE MANAGEMENT2822
31上海市20073ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS234
31上海市20073AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY131
31上海市20073ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION3411
31上海市20113ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION9857
31上海市20113ENERGY CONSERVATION8054
31上海市20113NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION154
31上海市20113TRANSPORTATION2222
31上海市20113WASTE MANAGEMENT6771
31上海市20114ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS3516
31上海市201411TRANSPORTATION4849
31上海市201411WASTE MANAGEMENT12175
31上海市201412ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS13526
31上海市201412AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY221
31上海市201412ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION160107
31上海市201412ENERGY CONSERVATION204134
31上海市20161AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY61
31上海市20161ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION10283
31上海市20161ENERGY CONSERVATION10185
31上海市20161NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION2221
31上海市20161TRANSPORTATION3446
31上海市20161WASTE MANAGEMENT125102
31上海市20162ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS8711
31上海市20162AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY62
31上海市20162ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION4839
31上海市20171WASTE MANAGEMENT121175
31上海市20172ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS12110
31上海市20172AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY71
31上海市20172ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION7353
31上海市20172ENERGY CONSERVATION10592
31上海市20172NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION2023
31上海市20172TRANSPORTATION4233

中国各城市绿色专利申请表-按主分类统计

省份代码省份城市代码城市申请年份申请月份绿色专利主分类发明专利申请数量实用新型专利申请数量
31上海市3100上海市199111TRANSPORTATION21
31上海市3100上海市19921ENERGY CONSERVATION12
31上海市3100上海市19921WASTE MANAGEMENT11
31上海市3100上海市19923WASTE MANAGEMENT11
31上海市3100上海市19924TRANSPORTATION11
31上海市3100上海市19926WASTE MANAGEMENT11
31上海市3100上海市19927WASTE MANAGEMENT34
31上海市3100上海市19961ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION11
31上海市3100上海市19963WASTE MANAGEMENT22
31上海市3100上海市19965WASTE MANAGEMENT13
31上海市3100上海市19966WASTE MANAGEMENT12
31上海市3100上海市199812WASTE MANAGEMENT24
31上海市3100上海市19991ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION22
31上海市3100上海市19991WASTE MANAGEMENT54
31上海市3100上海市19992WASTE MANAGEMENT33
31上海市3100上海市20018ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION54
31上海市3100上海市20018TRANSPORTATION12
31上海市3100上海市20018WASTE MANAGEMENT97
31上海市3100上海市20019AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY11
31上海市3100上海市20019ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION63
31上海市3100上海市20019ENERGY CONSERVATION25
31上海市3100上海市20019NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION12
31上海市3100上海市20041TRANSPORTATION56
31上海市3100上海市20041WASTE MANAGEMENT78
31上海市3100上海市20042ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION102
31上海市3100上海市20042ENERGY CONSERVATION46
31上海市3100上海市20042TRANSPORTATION13
31上海市3100上海市20042WASTE MANAGEMENT179
31上海市3100上海市20053TRANSPORTATION37
31上海市3100上海市20053WASTE MANAGEMENT2618
31上海市3100上海市20054ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS81
31上海市3100上海市20054ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION135
31上海市3100上海市20054ENERGY CONSERVATION1312
31上海市3100上海市20054NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION14
31上海市3100上海市20054TRANSPORTATION77
31上海市3100上海市20054WASTE MANAGEMENT5218
31上海市3100上海市20055AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY101
31上海市3100上海市20064ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTS141
31上海市3100上海市20064ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION3516
31上海市3100上海市20064ENERGY CONSERVATION2417
31上海市3100上海市20064NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION32
31上海市3100上海市20064TRANSPORTATION109
31上海市3100上海市20064WASTE MANAGEMENT3510
31上海市3100上海市200912NUCLEAR POWER GENERATION1119
31上海市3100上海市200912TRANSPORTATION2839
31上海市3100上海市200912WASTE MANAGEMENT9684
31上海市3100上海市20101AGRICULTURE/FORESTRY31
31上海市3100上海市20101ALTERNATIVE ENERGY PRODUCTION4427
31上海市3100上海市20101ENERGY CONSERVATION3830
31上海市3100上海市20106TRANSPORTATION2725

中国各省份绿色专利申请表-按一级分类统计

省份代码省份申请年份申请月份绿色专利主分类绿色专利一级子分类发明专利申请数量实用新型专利申请数量
31上海市20049ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits41
31上海市200412ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits31
31上海市20052ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits31
31上海市20056ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits71
31上海市20057ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits101
31上海市20059ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits121
31上海市200511ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits101
31上海市20061ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits71
31上海市20063ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits251
31上海市20066ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits411
31上海市200610ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits31
31上海市200611ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits141
31上海市200612ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits171
31上海市20073ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits141
31上海市20076ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits161
31上海市20077ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits131
31上海市20078ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits211
31上海市20079ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits111
31上海市200710ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits92
31上海市200711ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits217
31上海市200712ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits692
31上海市20081ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits81
31上海市20082ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits211
31上海市20083ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits152
31上海市20084ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits203
31上海市20086ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits191
31上海市20087ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits241
31上海市20088ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits71
31上海市20089ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits207
31上海市200811ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits482
31上海市200812ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits245
31上海市20091ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits151
31上海市20092ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits82
31上海市20093ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits2110
31上海市20094ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits275
31上海市20095ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits164
31上海市20096ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits203
31上海市20097ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits233
31上海市20098ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits191
31上海市20099ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits4613
31上海市200911ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits237
31上海市200912ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits334
31上海市20102ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits145
31上海市20103ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits352
31上海市20104ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits3111
31上海市20105ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits233
31上海市20106ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits303
31上海市20107ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits201
31上海市20108ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits255
31上海市20109ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits348

中国各城市绿色专利申请表-按一级分类统计

省份代码省份城市代码城市申请年份申请月份绿色专利主分类绿色专利一级子分类发明专利申请数量实用新型专利申请数量
31上海市3100上海市20049ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits41
31上海市3100上海市200412ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits31
31上海市3100上海市20052ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits31
31上海市3100上海市20056ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits71
31上海市3100上海市20057ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits101
31上海市3100上海市20059ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits121
31上海市3100上海市200511ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits101
31上海市3100上海市20061ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits71
31上海市3100上海市20063ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits251
31上海市3100上海市20066ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits411
31上海市3100上海市200610ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits31
31上海市3100上海市200611ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits141
31上海市3100上海市200612ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits171
31上海市3100上海市20073ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits141
31上海市3100上海市20076ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits161
31上海市3100上海市20077ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits131
31上海市3100上海市20078ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits211
31上海市3100上海市20079ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits111
31上海市3100上海市200710ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits92
31上海市3100上海市200711ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits217
31上海市3100上海市200712ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits692
31上海市3100上海市20081ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits81
31上海市3100上海市20082ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits211
31上海市3100上海市20083ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits152
31上海市3100上海市20084ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits203
31上海市3100上海市20086ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits191
31上海市3100上海市20087ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits241
31上海市3100上海市20088ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits71
31上海市3100上海市20089ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits207
31上海市3100上海市200811ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits482
31上海市3100上海市200812ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits245
31上海市3100上海市20091ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits151
31上海市3100上海市20092ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits82
31上海市3100上海市20093ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits2110
31上海市3100上海市20094ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits275
31上海市3100上海市20095ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits164
31上海市3100上海市20096ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits203
31上海市3100上海市20097ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits233
31上海市3100上海市20098ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits191
31上海市3100上海市20099ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits4613
31上海市3100上海市200911ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits237
31上海市3100上海市200912ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits334
31上海市3100上海市20102ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits145
31上海市3100上海市20103ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits352
31上海市3100上海市20104ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits3111
31上海市3100上海市20105ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits233
31上海市3100上海市20106ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits303
31上海市3100上海市20133ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits355
31上海市3100上海市20134ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits354
31上海市3100上海市20135ADMINISTRATIVE, REGULATORY OR DESIGN ASPECTSCarbon/emissions trading, eg pollution credits346

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