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 Confucianism, also known as Confucius and Mencius, is a mainstream cultural thought, philosophy and religious system that originated in China and has influenced and spread to other surrounding East Asian countries. It is respected by Confucian scholars of all ages.

 Since the Warring States Period, the first Confucian temple was built in the former residence of Confucius in Qufu. Later in the early Han Dynasty, Liu Bang came to worship Confucius as an emperor, showing his respect for Confucius. In the following about two thousand years, Confucius temples developed throughout China and Many regions in East Asiahave become the embodiment of Confucius’ thought, which is not only deeply embedded in national systems and national memories, but also lives on in the human world. In addition, since the fourth year of Zhenguan in the Tang Dynasty, "all schools in the prefectures and counties were built as Confucius temples", and then the "Integration of temples and schools" system was promoted and spread across the country. Official schools at all levels and accompanying Confucius temples have been established in prefectures, prefectures and counties. At the same time, some academies, social schools, and private schools have also set up temples to worship Confucius. This practice of linking teaching and examinations with worship of Confucius is intertwined. It became a basic national condition before China entered modern times, and also constituted a very striking feature of traditional Chinese society.

  The Confucian culture data launched by CnOpenData collects and organizes China’s Confucius Temple information, Ming Dynasty academies information, Ming Dynasty academy information and Ming and Qing chastity archway information. This data allows scholars to better study Confucianism. Culture provides strong data support!


Data description

Schools in the Ming Dynasty: In the second year of Hongwu (1369), Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty issued an edict that all prefectures, prefectures, and counties should set up schools, which were called prefecture schools, prefecture schools, and county schools.
Confucius Temple information table covers: 24 provinces and municipalities, a total of 691 rows of data;
Ming and Qing chastity memorial arch tables cover: 26 provinces and municipalities, 839 rows of data;
The academy detailed information table covers: 24 provinces and municipalities, 1961 rows of data;
School detailed information covers: 24 provinces and municipalities, 1496 rows of data.


Field display

Confucius Temple information table fields Ming Dynasty Academy information table fields Ming Dynasty School Information Table Fields Ming and Qing Dynasty Chastity Arch Information Table Fields
Old address province Old address Old address Name
Old site district and county Dynasty Dynasty Deeds
Current province New New Title
Current city Repair Repair Current province
Currently a regional county Name of the college Source Current city
Current region and county code Current province School name Currently a regional county
Current city Current province Current region and county code
Currently a regional county Current city
Current region and county code Currently a regional county
Current region and county code

Sample data

Confucius Temple Information Table

Old address province Old site district and county Current province Current city Current regional county Current region and county code
Shandong Binzhou Shandong Province Binzhou City Bincheng District 371602
Shandong Putai County Shandong Province Binzhou City Bincheng District 371602
Shandong Wuding Prefecture Shandong Province Binzhou City Huimin County 371621
Shandong Zhanhua County Shandong Province Binzhou City Zhanhua County 371624
Shandong Qidong County Shandong Province Binzhou City Zouping County 371626
Shandong Zouping County Shandong Province Binzhou City Zouping County 371626
Shandong Boxing County Shandong Province Binzhou City Boxing County 371625
Shandong Gaoyuan County Shandong Province Binzhou City Zouping County 371626
Shandong Changshan County Shandong Province Binzhou City Zouping County 371626
Shandong Yangxin County Shandong Province Binzhou City Yangxin County 371622
Shandong Qihe County Shandong Province Dezhou City Qihe County 371425
Shandong Pingyuan County Shandong Province Dezhou City Pingyuan County 371426
Shandong Wucheng County Shandong Province Dezhou City Wucheng County 371428
Shandong Deping County Shandong Province Dezhou City Linyi County 371424
Shandong Texas Shandong Province Dezhou City Decheng District 371402
Shandong En County Shandong Province Dezhou City Pingyuan County 371426
Shandong Yucheng County Shandong Province Dezhou City Yucheng City 371482
Shandong Leling County Shandong Province Dezhou City Leling City 371481
Shandong Linyi County Shandong Province Dezhou City Linyi County 371424
Shandong Ling County Shandong Province Dezhou City Lingcheng District 371421
Shandong Xiajin County Shandong Province Dezhou City Xiajin County 371427
Shandong Lijin County Shandong Province Dongying City Lijin County 370522
Shandong Le'an County Jiangxi Province Fuzhou City Le'an County 361025
Shandong Puzhou Shandong Province Heze City Juancheng County 371726
Shandong Single County Shandong Province Heze City Single County 371722
Shandong Caozhou Shandong Province Heze City Cao County 371721
Shandong Dingtao County Shandong Province Heze City Dingtao District 371727
Shandong Chengwu County Shandong Province Heze City Chengwu County 371723
Shandong Yuncheng County Shandong Province Heze City Yuncheng County 371725
Shandong Juye County Shandong Province Heze City Juye County 371724
Shandong Cao County Shandong Province Heze City Cao County 371721
Shandong Zhangqiu County Shandong Province Jinan City Zhangqiu District 370181
Shandong Jinan Prefecture Shandong Province Jinan City Lixia District 370102
Shandong Pingyin County Shandong Province Jinan City Pingyin County 370124
Shandong Licheng County Shandong Province Jinan City Licheng District 370112
Shandong Laiwu County Shandong Province Laiwu City Laicheng District 371202
Shandong Jianhe County Shandong Province Jinan City Shanghe County 370126
Shandong Jiyang County Shandong Province Jinan City Jiyang County 370125
Shandong Changqing County Shandong Province Jinan City Changqing District 370113
Shandong Wenshang County Shandong Province Jining City Wenshang County 370830
Shandong Jinxiang County Shandong Province Jining City Jinxiang County 370828
Shandong Yutai County Shandong Province Jining City Yutai County 370827
Shandong Sishui County Shandong Province Jining City Sishui County 370831
Shandong Yanzhou Prefecture Shandong Province Jining City Yanzhou City 370882
Shandong Ziyang County Shandong Province Jining City Yanzhou City 370882
Shandong Jining County Shandong Province Jining City Rencheng District 370811
Shandong Qufu County Shandong Province Jining City Qufu City 370881
Shandong Jiaxiang County Shandong Province Jining City Jiaxiang County 370829
Shandong Zou County Shandong Province Jining City Zou City 370883
Shandong Chaocheng County Shandong Province Liaocheng Shen County 371522

Ming Dynasty Academy Information Table

Old address Dynasty New Repair College name Current province Current city Current regional county Current region and county code
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Shanghang Liantang Academy Fujian Province Longyan City Shanghang County 350823
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Shanghang Hangchuan Academy Fujian Province Longyan City Shanghang County 350823
Fujian Chenghua Chao 1 0 Quanzhou Ouyang Academy (18th year) Fujian Province Quanzhou City Fengze District 350503
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Xianyou Shuanglin (Chongzheng) Academy Fujian Province Putian City Xianyou County 350322
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Xianyou Chaotian Academy Fujian Province Putian City Xianyou County 350322
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Xianyou Huixin Academy Fujian Province Putian City Xianyou County 350322
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Xianyou Ziyang Academy Fujian Province Putian City Xianyou County 350322
Fujian Unknown 1 0 Guangshi Yueshan Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Guangze County 350723
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 0 1 Guangshiyunyan Academy (Twelve Years) Fujian Province Nanping City Guangze County 350723
Fujian Wanli Dynasty 1 0 Nanjing Oushan Academy (twenty-two years) Fujian Province Zhangzhou City Nanjing County 350627
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Gutian Yushan Academy Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Gutian Qingshan Academy Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Gutian Zhengxue (Explorer) Academy Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Kutin Tsui Ping College Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Unknown 1 0 Gutian Heming Academy Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Hongwu Dynasty 0 1 Gutian Chengnan Academy Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Unknown 1 0 Gutian Mingde College Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Unknown 0 1 Changle Lantian Academy Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Gutian Chongzheng College Fujian Province Ningde City Gutian County 350922
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 0 1 Jinjiang Xiaoshan Congzhu Academy Fujian Province Quanzhou City Quanzhou Taiwanese Investment Zone 350571
Fujian Chenghua Chao 0 1 Tongan Wengong (Datong) Academy (twelve years) Fujian Province Xiamen City Tongan District 350212
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Tongan Aojiang Academy Fujian Province Xiamen City Tongan District 350212
Fujian Unknown 1 0 Putian Xing'an (Mingzong) Academy Fujian Province Putian City Chengxiang District 350302
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Ninghua XX Academy (twenty-five years) Fujian Province Sanming City Ninghua County 350424
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Anxi Fengshan Academy Fujian Province Quanzhou City Anxi County 350524
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Anxi Yangzheng Academy Fujian Province Quanzhou City Anxi County 350524
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Anxi Ziyang Academy Fujian Province Quanzhou City Anxi County 350524
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Anxi Kaoting (Fengchi) Academy (16th year) Fujian Province Quanzhou City Anxi County 350524
Fujian Wanli Dynasty 1 0 Jianle Zhengxue (Five Classics) Academy (30 years) Fujian Province Sanming City Jianle County 350428
Fujian Hongwu Dynasty 0 1 Jiang Le Guishan Academy (13th year) Fujian Province Sanming City Jianle County 350428
Fujian Wanli Dynasty 1 0 Longyan Yangzhi Academy (15 years) Fujian Province Zhangzhou City Pinghe County 350628
Fujian Unknown 0 1 Nanping Yanshan (Yanping) Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Yanping Prefecture Liangwu Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Yanping Prefecture Yanshan Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Yanping Wen Gong Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Yanping Prefecture Dingfu Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Hongzhi Dynasty 1 0 Yanping Prefecture Daonan Academy (five years) Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Yanping Prefecture Si Xian Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Yanpingfu Kowloon Academy (four years) Fujian Province Nanping City Yanping District 350702
Fujian Tian Shun Chao 0 1 Jianning Pingshan Academy Fujian Province Sanming City Jianning County 350430
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Jianning Suixi Academy Fujian Province Sanming City Jianning County 350430
Fujian Jiajing Dynasty 1 0 Jianning Dongshan Academy (11th year) Fujian Province Sanming City Jianning County 350430
Fujian Hongwu Dynasty 0 1 Jianning Prefecture Jian'an (Jianxi) Academy (19th year) Fujian Province Sanming City Jianning County 350430
Fujian Orthodox Dynasty 0 1 Jianyang Lufeng Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Jianyang District 350703
Fujian Wanli Dynasty 0 1 Jianyang Tanxi Academy (eight years) Fujian Province Nanping City Jianyang District 350703
Fujian Orthodox Dynasty 0 1 Jianyang Huanfeng Academy Fujian Province Nanping City Jianyang District 350703
Fujian Chenghua Chao 0 1 Jianyang Yungu Academy (17th year) Fujian Province Nanping City Jianyang District 350703
Fujian Zhengde Dynasty 1 0 Jianyang Chongwen Academy (11th year) Fujian Province Nanping City Jianyang District 350703
Fujian Hongwu Dynasty 0 1 Jianyang Tongwen Academy (twenty-seven years) Fujian Province Nanping City Jianyang District 350703
Fujian Chongzhen Dynasty 1 0 Jianyang Ximing Academy (second year) Fujian Province Nanping City Jianyang District 350703

Ming Dynasty School Information Form

Old address Dynasty New Repair Source School name Current province Current city Current regional county Current region and county code
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 30 Tang County School Hebei Province Baoding City Tang County 130627
Henan The fourth year of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 31 Go to school in Caixian County Henan Province Zhumadian City Shangcai County 411722
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 42 of Yongzheng's "Henan Tongzhi" Zhongmu County School Henan Province Zhengzhou City Zhongmu County 410122
Henan Twenty-seven years of Hongwu 1 Jiajing's "Zhangde Mansion Chronicles" Volume 3 Linzhang County School Henan Province Handan City Linzhang County 130423
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Linying County School Henan Province Luohe City Linying County 411122
Henan Hongwuchu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 28 Xiuwu County School Henan Province Jiaozuo City Xiuwu County 410821
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 29 Yanshi County School Henan Province Luoyang City Yanshi City 410381
Henan The seventh year of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 31 Guangshan County School Henan Province Xinyang City Guangshan County 411522
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Lanyang County School Henan Province Kaifeng City Lankao County 410225
Henan The second year of Hongwu 1 Volume 42 of Yongzheng's "Henan Tongzhi" Kaocheng County School Henan Province Kaifeng City Lankao County 410225
Henan Hongwuchu 1 Jiajing "Yifeng County Chronicle" "School" Yifeng County School Henan Province Kaifeng City Lankao County 410225
Henan The seventh year of Hongwu 1 Volume 42 of Yongzheng's "Henan Tongzhi" Neixiang County School Henan Province Nanyang City Neixiang County 411325
Henan The twelfth year of Chenghua 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 30 Nanzhao County School Henan Province Nanyang City Nanzhao County 411321
Henan The first year of Hongwu 1 Volume 42 of Yongzheng's "Henan Tongzhi" Lushi County School Henan Province Sanmenxia City Lushi County 411224
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 28 Wei Hui Fu School Henan Province Xinxiang City Weihui City 410781
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 28 Ji County School Henan Province Xinxiang City Weihui City 410781
Henan The fourth year of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Yuanwu County School Henan Province Xinxiang City Yuanyang County 410725
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Yangwu County School Henan Province Xinxiang City Yuanyang County 410725
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 30 Ye County School Henan Province Pingdingshan City Ye County 410422
Henan The eleventh year of Chenghua 1 Jiajing's "Shangcheng County Chronicle" Volume 2 Shangcheng County School Henan Province Xinyang City Shangcheng County 411524
Henan The fourth year of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Shangshui County School Henan Province Zhoukou City Shangshui County 411623
Henan The eighth year of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 31 Gushi County School Henan Province Xinyang City Gushi County 411525
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Fanshui County School Henan Province Xinyang City Gushi County 411525
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Jiajing's "Xiayi County Chronicles" Volume 4 Xiayi County School Henan Province Shangqiu City Xiayi County 411426
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Taikang County School Henan Province Zhoukou City Taikang County 411627
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 42 of Yongzheng's "Henan Tongzhi" Meng County School Henan Province Jiaozuo City Mengzhou City 410883
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 29 Mengjin County School Henan Province Luoyang City Mengjin County 410322
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 27 Ningling County School Henan Province Shangqiu City Ningling County 411423
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Jiajing's "Zhangde Mansion Chronicles" Volume 3 Anyang County School Henan Province Anyang City Anyang County 410522
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 29 Yiyang County School Henan Province Luoyang City Yiyang County 410327
Henan The eleventh year of Chenghua 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 31 Baofeng County School Henan Province Pingdingshan City Baofeng County 410421
Henan Hongwu Five Years 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Fengqiu County School Henan Province Xinxiang City Fengqiu County 410727
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Weichuan County School Henan Province Kaifeng City Weishi County 410223
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Weishi County School Henan Province Kaifeng City Weishi County 410223
Henan The second year of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 29 Song County School Henan Province Luoyang City Song County 410325
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Jiajing's "Gongxian Chronicle" Volume 2 Gong County School Henan Province Luoyang City Gongyi City 410181
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 42 of Yongzheng's "Henan Tongzhi" Xucheng County School Henan Province Xinxiang City Yanjin County 410726
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Yanjin County School Henan Province Xinxiang City Yanjin County 410726
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Xu Zhouxue Henan Province Xuchang City Municipal District 411001
Henan The eighth year of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 31 Xixian School Henan Province Xinyang City Xixian 411528
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Xingze County School Henan Province Zhengzhou City Huiji District 410108
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Fugou County School Henan Province Zhoukou City Fugou County 411621
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 28 Zhangdefu School Henan Province Anyang City Wenfeng District 410502
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 3 of Zhengde's "Xinxiang Chronicles" Xinxiang County School Henan Province Xinxiang City Xinxiang County 410721
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Missian County School Henan Province Zhengzhou City Xinmi City 410183
Henan The eleventh year of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 31 Xincai County School Henan Province Zhumadian City Xincai County 411729
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Xinzheng County School Henan Province Zhengzhou City Xinzheng City 410184
Henan The sixth year of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 30 Xinye County School Henan Province Nanyang City Xinye County 411329
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 "Ming Yi Tong Zhi" Volume 30 Yuzhou Studies Henan Province Nanyang City Fangcheng County 411322
Henan Three years of Hongwu 1 Volume 10 "School" of Wanli's "Kaifeng Mansion" Qixian School Henan Province Kaifeng City Qixian 410221

Information Table of Chastity Memorial Arch in Ming and Qing Dynasties

Name Deeds Title Current province Current city Current regional county Current region and county code
Hong Qiao’s wife Jiang My husband died, and my aunt was old and blind. Liang worked as a servant to earn money to support her. She worked for my aunt and vowed not to remarry Filial piety Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Zhang Chanbin’s wife Jiang Both my aunt and my aunt were blind, and my husband wanted to go to the flesh-burning lamp to cure him, so I took his place, and my aunt regained her sight Filial piety, righteous wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Tinglu’s wife is angry Good deeds, I am blind, I often serve around you, I always dress up and come in, saying: My heart cannot be deceived Filial piety Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Zhao Chenggu hires a wife My old lady has lost her teeth and is sick again. Tang kneels down to her nurse as a sign of respect Filial piety Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Feng Shi My husband died and my aunt was in famine, so I borrowed money to buy dried meats to feed my aunt, but she didn’t succeed. I also got money from making straw hats, which were finally finished, but my aunt died and cried day and night Filial piety Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Wu Yanzhen’s wife Zhang The old man was suffering from fire, and he was ill and unable to walk. Xiao entered the fire to save him, and when he entered the door, the door was burned, and they all died filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Zhu Mei Zhang Zhengping, his wife, etc. When the fire broke out, the girl couldn't get up, so we rushed to the house and carried her to the stove. The fire was overwhelming and they all died filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Cui Long meets his wife’s money Early widowed, the tiger suddenly broke in at night and pounced on the old man. Liu hit the tiger with his bare hands and left filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Yuan Jimao’s wife left My great-grandmother was sick, and she nursed her with her breasts. When the bandits arrived, I carried my aunt into the tiger's den at night and prayed to the tiger, but the tiger did not bite her. filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Yuan Xuechang’s wife Zeng I cut my stock to treat my uncle's illness. After my husband and uncle died, I took care of my aunt. When my aunt got sick, I shared my bed with her day and night, which is called filial piety filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Shen Zhili betrothed Tang as his wife The girl was blind and thought that Chen despised her, so Chen Sui broke her three-point ambition. Her husband was ill, his body was in trouble, and he died, so he kept his integrity to the end A chaste woman, a righteous woman Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
The three daughters of the Wang family The husband refused to remarry until he died. When there was a famine, he sold lime in exchange for rice to support his aunt. Later, when he met a thief, he told the truth and was released Chasteness and filial piety Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Jintan District 320412
Yang’s wife Wu My aunt was sick, she prayed in the night dew, my husband was sick, Zhao sucked her chest with her mouth, and her husband died. Later, she weaved Nadeshiko, and when Zizheng was born, Zhao also set up a school of justice Filial piety, righteous wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Zou Tingjie’s wife Wu My aunt was in a state of emergency and had done something wrong, so she couldn't even lie down. Wu and her husband knelt under the bed, and they got up when they had an idea. The husband died, and he will keep his integrity for the rest of his life Chasteness and filial piety Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Yu’s wife Cai My husband died early, and my aunt Yan knelt in the court all day long to mourn her A chaste woman, a filial woman Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Jintan District 320482
Di Ting’s Wife King The husband died and served his aunt. He was beaten and scolded by his aunt every day, but he accepted it with joy. He has been serving his aunt for more than ten years without slacking off filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Liyang City 320481
Qian Chengfu’s wife Wang My aunt was violent, Feng took care of her, my aunt was sick, and I still ordered Feng to beat me. Feng still didn’t complain when I was bleeding. This lasted for more than thirty years filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Huang Shouchun’s wife management My daughter-in-law, Cai, has worked with my daughter-in-law for sixty years. Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Fang Xing’s wife Zhao After my husband died, I and my aunt served my great-aunt together for fifty years Chasteness and filial piety Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Yun Yuhua’s Wife’s Village My aunt was ill, and her husband returned to his aunt. He Yucong's father refused, so he cut off the aunt's thighs and cooked the meat, and the disease healed filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Di Yude’s wife Xu Be a filial piety to your aunt. If your husband dies and you care for your son, then the bandits attack, you take your aunt into the mountains to escape. You can eat wild fruits to satisfy your hunger. filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Nephew Baoyuan’s wife Yuan When my uncle was ill, her husband bought medicine and wanted Feng to poison his father, but Feng refused and drank the medicine to kill his uncle filial wife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Zhang When thieves arrived, Fenggu took refuge. Later, Wu Sangui rebelled, so he took his son out of the city. He was spared from earthquakes and fires, and all three of his sons became Jinshi Wit Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Zhu Chengyu’s wife Cao The soldier rebelled and refused to die, and the husband was imprisoned. He was worried that he had no children, so he bought a concubine to give birth to a son for him. Be kind to all my concubines Housewife Jiangsu Province Changzhou City Wujin District 320412
Feng Guangqi’s daughter Afraid of being humiliated when the chaos broke out, he, his wife Zhang and twelve others burned themselves to death in the building, but they were finally free from humiliation Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Huaian City Xuyi County 320830
Guo Junfu’s wife Wu The city gate was broken, and he failed to commit suicide several times. He finally hanged himself indoors to avoid humiliation Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Huaian City Xuyi County 320830
Cao Shihe’s wife management The thieves were in chaos, the husband died, he had no children, he was ill and refused medical treatment, he went on a hunger strike for several days, and died beside his coffin Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Jiangning District 320115
Huang's daughter The husband died early, and the wife Zhang offered him a memorial service, saying that she missed her husband and was loyal, and she died three days later Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Jiangning District 320115
Chen Guocai’s wife Zhou The husband died in the capital, and he had no children. He was a virgin. After the death of her husband, she hanged herself Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Jiangning District 320115
Huang Shancong The husband was poor, and his sister-in-law was humiliated by his son-in-law, so he studied hard and later passed the examination for the Ministry of Rites. He failed and died. Liu died. Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Yuhuatai District 320114
Concubine Zhang The husband chose to travel to the capital. He died of poverty and illness, and his son went to mourn. Wu Jixi died by himself Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Jiangning District 320115
Wang Liefu The husband went up the mountain to cut firewood, and a big tree fell down due to the wind. The husband was crushed to death. He left his belly and gave birth to a son. He finally hit his head on the bed and died. Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Qinhuai District 320104
Cai Lienu After a month of marriage, the husband died without any children or aunts. He eventually died of a hunger strike and was buried beside her husband Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Qinhuai District 320104
Huang Her husband died in battle, and her uncle wanted to make Chi his wife for his young son, but Chi did not agree, so he died himself Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Jiangning District 320115
Ni Meiyu Be a filial piety to your parents, let the talent last for ten days, your fiancé died, so you committed suicide Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Nanjing City Qinhuai District 320104
Chen Zhilin’s wife Xu The thieves robbed the two girls and brought them to their home, ordered them to cook and drink, and then led the two girls back. When the thieves saw them and asked about them, Xu Nai scolded them and they were killed Housewife Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Gusu District 320508
Cheng Shu hires his wife Song Ren's son moved to Baoding and entrusted his mother to his maidservant. After his mother died, he returned. Later, Ren's son died and his wife wanted to marry her daughter, but the maidservant kept her and raised her. Yiyimaid Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Gusu District 320508
Zhang’s son betroths wife Jiang Served the Ma family. Later, the Ma family fell into disgrace. All the servants and maids left. Zheng stayed alone, raising his young master with money from clothes. He remained unmarried for more than seventy years Yiyimaid Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Gusu District 320508
Qian’s son betroths a wife to the king Both the Wang family and his wife died, and the maid got married and gave birth to a son. She raised the Wang family’s youngest son without honors, and his honors were finally recognized in the village Yiyimaid Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Gusu District 320508
Wang Zhi once engaged his wife Zhang Swear not to marry until death, and will have one son and one daughter each until they get married Yiyimaid Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Gusu District 320508
Gui Zhao’s Wife Lu She was a maidservant of the Cheng family. She married Cheng's daughter to Wu, and then fell to Wu. Ding Xiang raised Cheng's daughter as a servant and remained unmarried her whole life Yiyimaid Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Taicang City 320585
Zhao Di succeeds to his wife Zhang Following Zhu's daughter to Jiang, Jiang and his wife died, so they cared for the orphan. However, the orphan died again, so he sued the Jiang family and established a son, and assisted his wife to care for him Yiyimaid Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Taicang City 320585
Qin Yao’s great wife is dead If your husband dies, you will not remarry. If you tempt her with the song of her late husband, you will not obey. You will live a life of abstinence A chaste woman Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Taicang City 320585
Shi Shimin hires his wife Liu My husband was a chieftain. After his death, he had an heir. Later, the court changed the chieftain to a exiled official. Later, someone rebelled, and Lu personally appeased him Housewife Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Wuzhong District 320506
Zhou Xiaomei’s Wife Soup If you are allowed to marry, but you are too poor to marry, your parents want your daughter to marry you, and if you are not strong enough, you will commit suicide Jielie Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Changshu City 320581
Huang Jingsheng’s Wife King After the husband died, the father wanted to leave the marriage, so he cried in her husband's grave and passed away Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Kunshan City 320583
He Bangda’s Wife Lu The husband's dead brother wanted his wife and sister-in-law, raped her, and then committed suicide Martial Woman Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Wujiang District 320509
Ding Suqin’s wife and grandson Being a filial piety to my aunt, my aunt became ill and went to the doctor's aunt, Zhu Sui died filial wife Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Wujiang District 320509
Miao Wenyu’s wife Qiu When the husband is sick, he goes to the bone to serve him, and when he dies, he helps the disciples to establish themselves Jieyi Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Wujiang District 320509
Zhang’s daughter If you have a maternal disease, go to the orthopedic doctor for treatment filial daughter Jiangsu Province Suzhou City Kunshan City 320583

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